Essay Example on A brief description of the Baroque style









Aim of this essay is to give a brief description of the Baroque style I will elaborate on a historic building that represents the English Baroque the Christ Church orchestrated by Nicholas Hawksmoor The Baroque art movement was born during the 17th century in Rome and subsequently spread throughout other European cities The term Baroque refers to a particular cultural movement that touched on different disciplines such as literature art philosophy and music One can say that the Baroque is the son of the Reformation In fact during conflicts between the clergy and the Reformation effort the Catholic Church decided to mark their strength of own doctrine Baroque art is playful with a strong tendency to a type of decoration is very rich charging sumptuous elaborate and imaginative In spite of the Baroque is a very extravagant its foundations remain classics In addition like many other artistic currents Baroque art does not forget the main goal of educating In Rome the Baroque develops in the early 1630s and soon becomes one of the favourite styles of the Catholic Church and monarchies which as I've previously said they feel the need to design baroque churches monasteries and palaces elegant 

The promoter of this style was Pope Urban VIII who wanted to renew the city giving it a high prestige The key features of Baroque architecture are curved and sinuous lines such as ellipses and spirals that intertwine with each other so as to seem indecipherable the central points of the city such as squares streets and historical monuments are enhanced with tall domes and ancient Egyptian obelisks One of the typical features of Baroque is undoubtedly the decoration which along with painting sculpture and the use of stucco gave birth to the monuments and majestic structures such as the Basilica of San Giovanni Fiorentini engineered by Sansovino 1523 1734 Roman baroque churches have a central plan or elongated Central and both plants are usually characterized by a longitudinal axis As regards the civil architecture the buildings remain largely faithful to the Renaissance style The Palazzo Barberini 1625 1633 is an early Baroque palaces elaborate with a H and a large atrium that narrows at the entrance of the Court The architects of this building are Gian Lorenzo Bernini Carlo Maderno and Francesco Borromini English Baroque architecture stands out in several respects splitting into three periods The first period is known as palladianism This style is inspired by Venetian architect Andrea Palladio 1508 1580 With this style usually plant is cruciform taken from the Roman architecture the facades of the structures always have a pleasant view and the lodges are similar to a province English Inigo Jones 1573 1652 introduced the Baroque architecture with the Palladian architecture

The architect began his studies as a painter and worked at the Court of Denmark King Christian IV Before heading back to London living for a time in Italy especially in Emilia Veneto Florence and Rome Thanks to his travels in Italian territory he was commissioned to build the Queen's House at Greenwich The model of the building is similar to typical Italian country houses built during the Renaissance particularly the Medici Villa at Poggio a Caiano The Queen's House is the new orientation of English architecture The second period is called Roman classicism as it recovers the Roman art In 1660 there was a renewed revival of arts In fact new forms of pictorial art theatre music English Baroque architecture achieved higher results producing all known worldwide today The leading exponent of this second period called the Roman classicism was Christopher Wren 1632 1723 In 1661 he was entrusted with the implementation of its first two buildings the Sheldonian Theatre 1662 1663 and the chapel of Pembroke College 1663 1665 Later he left for Europe in particular he stayed in the Netherlands and in France where he studied and copied many buildings designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini as for the Louvre Back in London the city was attacked by a violent plague followed by a fire that burned most of the city then houses churches and cathedrals London Architect Wren was asked to redesign the capital with the construction of well 51 churches and also the famous St Paul's Cathedral 

The Cathedral is a hybrid of different styles of Baroque architecture the dome of St Paul's Cathedral resumes ideally the dome of Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome and the main façade inspired by the Louvre in Paris Another great work of Wren s Kensington Palace is also the Louvre and other elements of French influence The third period English Baroque classic also known as Palladian revival has as its main representatives two students of Wren John Vanbrugh 1664 1726 and Nicholas Hawksmoor 1671 1736 The two students were given the task of designing Castle Howard monumental country house in Yorkshire The building includes the Palace a stable a chapel and several courtyards The Park is full of historical items including Egyptian obelisks and Greek temples Another project of the two architects was Blenheim Palace The Palace is located in Oxfordshire and looks like a majestic country house As Castle Howard including Blenheim Palace is a Union of different architectural styles which mark English Baroque style There are items that are already in use by Inigo Jones for the palaces of London corner towers reminiscent of the Elizabethan era and numerous decorations echoing the middle ages

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