Essay Example on Asthma is a chronic long term disease involving the airway in the Lungs








Introduction Asthma is a chronic long term disease involving the airway in the lungs The bronchial tubes airways allows air to come in and out of the lungs When you have asthma the inside walls of the airway becomes swollen and sore making it hard to breathe Asthma is not a contagious disease at all it can t be transmitted from person to person Asthma is environmental and genetic inherited factors Description Cause Every time a person takes a breath air goes through your nose and down to your throat making it to your lungs Small air passages in your lungs helps by giving oxygen from the air to your bloodstream Asthma symptoms happens when the lining of the air passages swell and the muscles around it tightens When mucus fills up your airway there is less air that can pass through difficulty breathing Signs Symptoms Just because a person has asthma does not mean all symptoms are the same Asthma signs and symptoms are shortness of breath chest pains and or tightness wheezing and coughing When your symptoms are constant and bothering you it could be a sign that your asthma condition may be getting worse Even though you might have these signs and symptoms does not automatically mean that you have asthma Wheezing is usually common in children Asthma is classified into four categories mild intermittent up to two days a week up to two nights a month mild persistent twice a week no more than once a day moderate persistent once a day and more than one night a week and severe persistent frequently throughout day and night Risk Factors In the United States there are more than 22 million people who has asthma It affects people of all ages Nearly 6 million of these people are children Risk factors for people with asthma includes being a smoker blood relative inherited or family history that has asthma

Obesity overweight chemical fumes cold air and other types of pollution can lead a person to having an asthma attack People with allergic Atopic Dermatitis and Rhinitis are at risk for an asthma attack Beta blockers aspirin ibuprofen Advil Motrin IB and Aleve can trigger your allergies too Diagnosis Doctors usually will diagnose asthma based on your medical condition and or health problems family history physical exam and a long function test During a physical exam the doctor will look for signs of asthma or allergies A spirometry test will check to see if your lungs are working properly It measures how much air you are able to breathe in out and how fast you can breathe it out The doctor will also do a peak flow meter which will determine how hard you are able to breathe out Based on these types of diagnostic tests the doctor will be able to determine how severe your symptoms are and what proper type of care is needed for you Treatment In order to control asthma there are two types of medications Asthma can be treated by long term control medicines by reducing the airway inflammation and prevents any asthma symptoms from appearing and quick relief rescue medicines relives symptoms that may flare up Long term control medications including inhaled corticosteroids which are anti inflammatory drugs Flonase Pulmicort Flexhaler Aerospan HFA Alvesco Qnasl Asmanex which would need to be used for days up to a week for the maximum benefit Inhaled corticosteroids are safe for long term use with little side effects Leukotriene modifiers which are oral medications Singulair Accolate and Zyflo to help relieve symptoms up to 24 hours Long acting beta agonists are inhaled medications Serevent and Foradil to open the airways for better breathing conditions It has not been used as often as before but

Theophylline is a daily pill that helps with keeping the airway open by relaxing the muscles around it Quick relief rescue medications is a short term relief during an asthma attack Short acting beta agonists works quickly inhaled to relieve symptoms It is a quick relief since it relaxes the smooth muscles around the airways and minimizes the swelling that is blocking the air flow Combinations quick relief medicines both are an anticholinergic and a short acting agonist that comes in an inhaler or a nebulizer Ipratropium immediately relaxes your airways making it easier for you to breathe Sometimes Ipratropium is used for treating asthma attacks but mostly used for chronic bronchitis and emphysema Quick relief albuterol is still the most common inhaler everyone uses today Curable or Lifestyle Changes Asthma is not a curable disease but it can be maintained by medications it will never entirely go away Lifestyle changes can help avoid your triggers to an asthma attack Stay healthy by maintaining a healthy weight being overweight can either worsen symptoms or cause more health problems and exercising regularly Breathing techniques can also help by opening your airways and being smoke free can help ease asthma symptoms

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