Essay Example on BOLIVIA ENVIRONMENTAL REFUGEES

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JULIA TRAN CRIMSON EDUCATION BOLIVIA ENVIRONMENTAL REFUGEES 1 What is the problem Over the past 5 years the global refugee crisis has garnered more media attention than ever before in particular political refugees While the general public is aware of the millions of Syrian and Iraqi refugees displaced by regions affected by war and terrorism less attention has been given to climate refugees who are just if not more in need of the help of the UN Despite the largely unpredictable nature of environmental disasters and the awareness of the rapid rise of global warming the UN needs to do better to help environmental refugees Resettlement of environmental refugees suffers when countries do not make the efforts to understand the human behaviour behind their actions post disaster as well as what will best help their needs in risky situations Environmental refugees alike political ones are put in danger by circumstances which they cannot control These circumstances however can be prevented by ensuring that countries are committed to fulfilling promises made during UN summits to reduce their carbon emissions and hence slow down the rate of global warming and prevent some of these disasters 


Realising its ineffectiveness Bolivia started a more pragmatic approach as it provided insurance policies instead with insurance that protected the farmers against the loss of crops life insurance and property insurance This allowed farmers to quickly recover their financial investment then purchase new seeds to begin growing crops once more Bolivia has always maintained an open minded perspective on refugees and their rights with its 2012 Law for Protecting Refugee Persons which protects refugees and those who request this status and has helped hundreds of refugees from Peru and Colombia In the past Bolivia has experienced difficulty with looking after its own climate victims such as the 2008 Cochabamba landslide in which residents refused the government's monetary 5000 offerings for them to resettle This approach to resettlement was not successful because many residents were emotionally attached to their homes or believed it would be more worthwhile to remain in risky situations than take money that was less valuable than their home 


As a country which has been vulnerable to the detrimental impacts of climate change Bolivia acknowledges and fully understands the urgency of this matter and urges for all member states to actively take part in discussions as well as commit to long term national plans which will play a preventative or reactionary role in dealing with climate refugees to alleviate stress for when such damaging events occur Bolivia believes in a world without borders where environmental refugees can journey from the source country and be supported by any country as the source country would be expected to provide the same sanctuary if circumstances were reversed 2 How does the problem affect my country With an ongoing drought crisis having reached an emergency crisis in late 2016 and early 2017 with the country's biggest drought in 25 years Bolivia has experience managing environmental refugees Initially with the support of international donors Bolivia delivered emergency aid to rural communities affected by environmental disasters however this became unreliable and not immediate enough for farmers who needed rapid recovery in order to sustain their livelihood 



This is not a problem uncommon to other countries Bolivia believes that any effective solution to environmental refugee resettlement in any country requires a deeper JULIA TRAN CRIMSON EDUCATION BOLIVIA ENVIRONMENTAL REFUGEES understanding of the values of the residents in order to provide them with a more relevant incentive to resettle 3 What does my country think should be done to solve this problem on a global scale Bolivia recommends that the UN create an International Court of Environmental Justice ICEJ which will facilitate easier management and scrutiny of countries fulfilment or lack of to their international commitments to climate change Similar to the function of the International Court of Justice the ICEJ would deal with a similar scope of cases however with a main focus on climate issues such as environmental refugees as well as carbon emission reduction through debated solutions like carbon cap and trade systems 



Bolivia also encourages each country to create a national preventative plan of action for climate disasters which includes infrastructure programs such as the construction of flood barriers as well as education programs to teach farmers about the changing climatic conditions due to global warming Bolivia also recommends that developed countries support the most vulnerable developing countries through an ICEJ initiated UN wide budget where all members states are required to donate a certain amount of capital according to their country s reduction in carbon emissions or advancements in eco friendly technology e g hybrid fuel efficient cars also determined by a biannual report collated by the EICJ Bolivia highlights the importance of clarifying perceptions of environmental refugees to create the best possible solutions Environmental refugees should be perceived and treated as permanent immigrants to foreign countries who unlike political refugees in some aspects cannot return to their homes


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