Essay Example on Changes that can be made in terms of Transportation









Transportation traffic and solutions In this section I’ll focus on changes that can be made in terms of transportation In our days most of the researchers begun paying attention to the environmental impacts at a festival Robbins et al 2007 found that travel to and from events is very problematic due to carbon emissions and concluded that car traffic which makes up a vast majority of transportation to festivals is the main issue for consideration We all agree that because it is more convenient most events attendees travel by car to these events Also the location of the events has a big influence on the people who use cars because most festivals are placed in rural areas or far away from the town center Therefore before start organising a festival a manager should consider more the location because the major problem is that most managers don't think about the traffic and about increased chances of accidents if they let thousands of cars into a single area Besides that we add the fact the locals are affected by the increased traffic Laing 2011 argued that congestion noise or deterioration of local air quality are all important aspects when considering the impacts of car traffic on locals where events are held According to Robbins 2007 changing the location can subsequently change the method of transportation fact which can reduce the number of emissions 

He has outlined six criteria in order to find the ideal location or time for transportation thus an events manager should consider these criteria The location should have a previous experience hosting events also it should be where transport infrastructure already exists it should be placed where there has been previous use of car alternatives such as park and ride locations it should be in an area accommodating longer stays so attendees can stay for more than just the duration of the festival Robbins 2007 According to Robbins the perfect timing should be when other traffic flows are low and when public transportation is operating most efficiently Robbins 2007 Moving the festival to a location closer to an urban area would probably cost more to rent but could bring in revenue from increased attendance and would remove the externalities previously mentioned The events managers should make sure that they influence the festival goers are using public transport As an example we can take the Glastonbury Festival which launched an initiative in 2011 Green Traveller The purpose was to give impulsion to people for traveling by public transport for example getting sole access to solar showers discounts on meals free yogurt and festival t shirts Through this initiative car tickets have increased in cost by 50 in four years and in 2014 the initiative was strengthened by a launching of tickets bundled with coach travel Over 50 of the Glastonbury Festival audience now travels by means other than a car A recommendation in this case can be that organisers measure that festival goers use public transport consider carbon balancing initiatives to recognize unavoidable emissions

The show must go on Waste According to A A Siesse 1995 waste is another visible issue of the environmentally impactful behavior of humans Organic materials or in other words biodegradable can cause the biggest impact because they produce methane a potent greenhouse gas more harmful than CO2 when they break down A A Siesse 1995 Concluding all the events consume resources like energy water food and materials and they produce waste or carbon emissions The show must go on pag 12 No matter what in all the cases the event managers is responsible to find solutions to these issues they are responsible for the environmental impact of their events For example in the A Greener Festival audience survey conducted by Buckinghamshire New University 90 of the festival goers in 2012 who responded believed that festival organisers should be responsible for minimising the environmental impact of festivals 80 believed festival goers should also be responsible and only 30 thought local authorities carried any responsibility http www agreenerfestival com 2013 01 what fans want green events and their fave band accessed at 28 November 17 57 At the end of 2014 Julie's Bicycle presented data on waste and recycling rates at festivals At that time they estimated that the amount of waste produced per person per day onsite was around 2 8 kg which scales up to around 23 500 tonnes of waste generated by the UK festival industry each year Julie's bicycle 2014 The events that reported data achieved average recycling rates of 32 To put this in our context national household recycling rates in the UK are currently around 47 and the UK has a statutory obligation under the Waste Framework Directive 2008 to recycle or reuse 55 of household waste by 2020 WasteDataFlow statistics Online at http www wastedataflow org

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