Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator is one of the best known pharaohs of Egypt but she was never entirely Egyptian Cleopatra was born around 70 69 B C E to an Egyptian mother and a father of Greek descendant making her almost equally Greek as she is Egyptian Her mother who was said to be her husband s half sister died a decade later Her father the pharaoh titled her co ruler only to perish sometime afterward forcing her to marry her brother Being the child of a pharaoh Cleopatra was born into a wealthy family She learned at a young age to read and write Egyptian However as she grew up she knew more than eight languages A conflict in Egypt cause Cleopatra to flee giving up her throne She had four siblings but later murdered three to keep her throne After marrying her brother Cleopatra continued to be co ruler but Ptolemy XIII advisor s acted against her which induced her to leave Egypt She raised an army of her own and fought against her brother with the help of Julius Caesar She charmed Caesar to shift sides which aided her to win back her throne Ptolemy fled Alexandria and was later murdered After Caesar declared Cleopatra and her little brother the throne in Egypt he remained in Egypt Cleopatra who was now Caesar's lover gave birth to his child in 47 B C E
The infant s name was Caesarion or in Egyptian Little Caesar Cleopatra did her best to persuade Caesar that this child was his offspring and should be the successor of his Caesar denied her request Shortly after Julius returned to Rome Cleopatra along with her brother and Caesarion visited him in about 46 B C E Only after Caesar's death in 44 B C E would she return home to Alexandria After returning home from Rome she continued to raise her son The death of her co ruler Ptolemy XIV enabled her to rule with her barely four years old son as co ruler In the year 41 B C E Marc Antony who belonged to the Second Triumvirate of Rome requested for her to question the alliance she made with Caesar Cleopatra agreed and meant up with Antony in the city of Tarsus Antony like Caesar fell for Cleopatra s charm which led to a love affair in 41 B C E She hunted and even started a drinking club with him Nearly a year later she gave birth to twins Alexander Helios sun and Cleopatra Selene moon Shortly after Antony returned home to Rome to attempt to make peace with Octavian by marrying his sister He discovered it would not work and later divorced her Antony soon went to Egypt to stay with Cleopatra making Octavian livid He decided to declare war on Egypt knowing that Antony would choose to aid his beloved WIth thick tensions the two rivals found themselves in Actium Greece battling fiercely At this life changing battle on September
We can only assume that it was because she poisoned or was heartbroken but the truth is we will never know Cleopatra affected everything wither she wanted to or not Every aspect of Cleopatra s life was captivating The culture of the western civilization would not be the same without the events that have happened Many of the monuments we have today come from Rome who took over Egypt after Cleopatra died She influenced fashion in both Rome and Greece The events that she creates and goes through have shaped the 21st century and centuries before her Cleopatra is also a role model to follow She did not depend on her beauty she depended on her words and knowledge She did not back down when she was forced to leave Egypt instead she fought for her throne With all the conflicts today in the world today looking back on history can help us decide the right choices improving our future for the world to come
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