Essay Example on Each of these studies were a bit unethical in my Eyes








As I watched the videos on these three studies my mind filled with thoughts of worry and concern Each of these studies were a bit unethical in my eyes It is like the experimenters had no sympathy or morally concern for the participants and the damage that the experiments did to them They were so determined to get the end results they predicted that they would go to extensive lengths to achieve just that The Stanford Prison Study study was conducted to discover the way people who are incarcerated behave in such situations The basement of a psychology building on the campus of Stanford University was transformed into an imitation prison environment Zimbardo posted an ad in the local newspaper to recruit volunteers for his study to reveal the psychological effects of prison life Over 70 participants volunteered after seeing the ad that was placed The participants were giving examinations to rule out any abnormality s For their participation in this study the volunteers were paid 15 00 a day The determination of which participants would be guards or prisoners was randomly assigned Any prisoner who behaved in a such manner that the guards saw as disobedient would be placed in solitary confinement better known as the hole The hole was a very dark and claustrophobic area They even went as far as really arresting the participants from their jobs and other locations and then taking them to the mock prison to give them the actual feel

The guards did not refer to the prisoners by their names only their prison ID numbers The prisoners were brought in blind folded so they were completely unaware of where they were exactly The prisoners were stripped of all their clothing and the guards then began degrading them about their private parts Day two of the experiment was the day the prisoners began to rebel The prisoners used their beds to barricade their cells Prisoner 8612 was placed in the hole that same day because of disobeying Prisoners were awakened in the middle of the night to complete meaningless tasks The prisoners were forced to clean the toilets with their bare hands The prisoners started to feel hopeless and they wanted to leave the prison One prisoner began to think if he acted crazy they would have to release him It was sought as an experience of being out of control The Stanford Study really took effect on their psychological state of mind They were no longer their names they were their prison numbers The Tuskegee Experiment was a study to document the history of Syphilis and to seek treatment for African Americans it began in the 1920s in Macon County Six hundred men were recruited for the study 400 men had syphilis and 200 of them was used as a control At the time the study was conducted there was no cure for Syphilis The men received baseline blood workups physical exams and spinal tap to determine neurological damage

The participants were told that the spinal tap was a necessary but in truth it was unnecessary and very dangerous and painful By the 1950 s the drug Penicillin became an acceptable treatment for Syphilis The participants for the Tuskegee study were not permitted by the doctors to receive the treatment Public Health officials withheld treatment from men as an effort to discourage them from joining the military Even when some of the men who participated in the study early on moved away their names were circulated to clinics and health care facilities to prevent them from receiving treatment The doctors kept in touch with them By offering free life insurance as an incentive they kept participants for the study In the year of 1972 The Tuskegee Experiment became public and was talked in the newspaper Some of the Syphilis patients died untreated The survivors received 10 million in compensation in settlement and health insurance The survivors felt that they deserved more than money compensation they wanted a public apology The president at that time Bill Clinton gave the participants a genuine heart felt apology

This study changed the future of the way research would be conducted According to the National Research Act of 1974 individuals participating in research must give their informed consent The Milgram Experiment was conducted by a man named Stanley Milgram As a Jewish high school student living in the Bronx Stanley was concerned that the Holocaust would reoccur When Milgram was a professor at Yale University he recruited 500 participants from the university and 1 000 from Bridgeport CT He wanted to see how one would react when put in a position where an authority figure encouraged them to shock a person victim A test was given to the participant and with each wrong answer the confederate would be shocked with the voltage increasing each time The voltage started at 5 and ended at 450 Many psychologists were disturbed with the ethical dilemmas of this study The participant informed the person that was giving him the test to let him out but the test giver was informed to keep going Two hundred and thirteen of the participants made it all the way up to four hundred and fifty volts My thoughts on these studies is that they are very unethical and morally wrong I feel they should not be conducted for the sake of scientific inquiry All of three of these studies have proven to be dangerous mind inflicting and detrimental These studies have affected so many lives in negatives ways even today people are still suffering with the results of each study I would not like to see these studies conducted in today's world

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