Essay Example on Environment they adapt in order to sustain in the Valley of Mexico

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Environment they adapt in order to sustain in the Valley of Mexico settled in the Valley of Mexico near lake texcoco marshy conquered their neighboring tribes their territory stretched from pacific ocean west to atlantic east Food and food source maize beans and squash chilies and tomatoes and limes and cashews and potatoes and sweet potatoes and peanuts and chocolate bees for honey and turkey for meat and eggs and wolves and duck deer and rabbits and iguana and fish and shrimp grasshoppers and worms algae high protein Clothing upper class people wore clothes made of cotton clothing was dyed and decorated with embroidery and feathers lower class people wore simple clothes often made from the fibers of maguey leaves spun into thread and woven children wore similar clothes as their parents merchants could wear a little fringe at each end of a loincloth and perhaps a small amount of embroidery to designate their superior status to the normal peasant the military had uniquely colored and designed clothing that showed to which group of warriors they belonged to boy and men slaves both wore simple loincloths some tied at the shoulder some tied at the waist women wore long skirts tied at the waist and a sleeveless or a short sleeve blouses as women moved up the social scale their clothing became more decorated and dyed to show their status priests had a special garment they always wore this special garment was a sleeveless waistcoat that stopped above their knees rulers such as kings emperors queens ect wore the most decorated clothes

The rich people's clothes were colorfully embroidered and decorated with feathers the poors clothes were simple and NEVER EVER decorated with feathers Living the rich people lived in luxury since the poor couldn't afford slaves the poor did the work themselves the rich lived in homes built of sun dried brick and sometime stone their homes had a coating of white wash to make them sparkle in the sun homes had a separate place for steam baths the poor were mostly farmers they lived in huts with thatched roofs they had little or no furniture they wove mats for the floor and baskets to hold their belongings they did have blankets they had pots for cooking each home had a garden where the poor could grow food for themselves Social roles and jobs most people in the Aztec empire ended up being farmers fishermen and hunters but some were trained to be soldiers doctors priests merchants traders craftsmen ball players engineers builders and matchmakers soldiers were highly respected and highly trained they were fierce fighters They almost never ever lost The Aztecs were almost always at war The Aztecs needed prisoners from other tribes to feed their hungry gods and tribute from the imprisoned tribe to increase their wealth Some soldiers lived long enough to retire those who did retired in comfort and wealth Traders had an easy time of it Other tribes were afraid of the Aztecs They did not hurt the traders in any way The Aztecs pretty much always got the best deal in any trade Traders brought back cocoa beans jaguar skins precious metals and jewelry They sold their goods to the merchants in the city Merchants also specialized 



A merchant might sell only jewelry or only baskets There were no robberies because Aztec punishment was swift and deadly In the capital city there were as many as 60 000 people in the marketplace buying and selling goods Nobody used money Goods were swapped and small differences in value were evened up using cocoa beans all priests were religious some were in government some as teachers doctors were trained in school Engineers and builders were highly respected craftsmen were taught how to use gold silver paints and clay in their art and the rules of jewelry making A matchmaker s job was to work with a young couple Athletics were highly respected especially ballplayers Religion Some of their gods controlled nature The Aztecs believed that different gods watched over their seeds and plants and harvest Various gods were in charge of the rain and water and wind The gods worked together most of the time with the god who actually produced food the god Chicomecoatl The Aztecs believed that the gods needed rest like people There were two gods for war one for wars fought during the daytime and one for wars fought at night That way one god could sleep while the while the other one watched over Aztec warriors Aztec warriors always were ready to fight at any time because they believed one or the other war gods would be there right by their side The Aztecs believed that the gods had families the gods were related by blood or marriage after a person died they would be assigned to a job by the god of death Unique society the Aztec societies are divided into 3 classes the slaves the commoners and the nobility most of the slaves were the children of very poor parents all the common people are made of very many groups of people the noble people are the people who have rights during birth What 2 what led to the downfall of the aztec society The society died and was laid to waste because of the smallpox and because of the spanish army



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