Essay Example on Federalism is an important and broadly implemented Feature

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In today's international community of polities the Federalism is an important and broadly implemented feature Around 70 of the world states are believed to have at least some element of federalism around 20 of the nations are considered to be federal states and 40 of the world's population lives in these countries The combination between self rule and shared rule is of greatest importance in a federal state regions or provinces should have The federalism involves the linkage of individuals groups and polities in a limited union that provinces for active pursuit for common end and at the same time maintains the integrities of all parties The Republic of the Philippines is currently under a unitary form of government which is extremely centralized In this form of government the president is both the head of the state and head of the government This means that he has a general supervision over local governments which are dependent on the national as the constitution has concentrated political powers and authority in national government Our autonomous regions provinces municipalities and barangays can only exercise powers and enact policies that the central government chooses to delegate to them Recently some politician scholars and experts are looking into the federal option of the next step for Philippine governance

Not only Philippines but also other countries are interested on adopting the federal system After devolution some argued that federalism is the next logical step in the Philippines The one who has a concrete example of federal structure is the proposal of Senator Aquilino Nene Pimentel Jr Which is a semi presidential form of government in the Philippines Under this system we will have a President and a Prime Minister The President will be directly elected by the people He will be the head of the state commander in chief of the armed forces Chief Diplomat and the symbol of unity of the nation Also will be the responsible for national and foreign affairs The Prime Minister will be elected by the House of Representative National Assembly and formally appointed by the President He will be head of government and will appoint the members of the Cabinet and all other officials not within the powers of the President Also he runs the government and is responsible for domestic and economic policy Proposed that there should be two constitutionally established orders of government primarily accountable to its respective electorates the federal government and regional government Each level of government has its particular jurisdiction

The surgical operation will create 11 Federal States out of the existing political subdivisions of the country and one federal administrative region The federal powers will concerns the entire nation while the regional power will be the basic service to the people The shared power is the basic service that is best provided under a national standard and all the residual powers are retained by the Federal Government but may be delegated to the regional government The Resolution also disperses the seats of power of the major branches of government The executive department will hold offices in the Federal Administrative Region of Metro Manila the legislative department will hold office in the Federal State of Central Visayas and the judicial department will hold office in the Federal State of Northern Mindanao By so doing aside from the Luzon the two other major geographical regions of the country the Visayas and Mindanao will now fully appreciate that they are important parts not merely appendices of the Republic The legislative powers of the Republic are shared mainly by the law making powers of the Federal Republic and the States But the provincial city municipal and barangay powers and structures are basically left intact In terms of allocating the resources of the Republic Each state will be able to keep 80 of their income and funds to themselves and only 20 of that would go to the Federal National Government And out from 80 of each state 30 of that would go to the Local State Government and 70 would go to the Provinces Cities Municipalities and Barangays Even we are under federalism we are still one country one Constitution one Flag one National Anthem one Foreign Policy one Armed Forces one National Police Force one Public Education System one Central Bank and Monetary System The Philippine has 7 107 islands each with diverse tribes and cultures and obviously each region has their own specific needs By shifting from a unitary to a federal type of government we can achieved economic reforms equal justice and progress to each state and decongest metro Manila as some would have put it Right now most of the developments are in metro Manila with federalism this would be shared across the nation Advocates of federalism believe that the structure of federal system would respond to the general obstacle and differences cause by cultural diversity on governance because it allows fragmentation and at the same time promoting national interest


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