Essay Example on Feed required for the species in the tank Catfish

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Feed required for the species in the tank Catfish catfish are omnivores which means they eat both meat and vegtables Catfishs need a well balanced diet such as small fish algae and scavenged debris We can also feed them bloodworms and brine mysis shrimp this food can be alive or frozen There is a more simple option such as flake foods and sinking pellets Platy Platies are also omnivores that eat small insects crustaceans plants and algae Platties will also eat live food such as black blood worms brine shrimp fruit flies and daphnia Platies can also eat flake foods Molly Mollies are omnivores but only require a small amount of vegtables such as cucmbers and zucchini in their diet You can supplement mollies by feedng them frozen foods such a brine shrimp daphnia and black blood worms even though mollies prefer their foods alive Mollies should aldo be fed high quality flake foods Guppy Guppies are omnivores they eat a wide range of froxzen foods such as daphnia bloodworms and brine shrimp You can feed guppies dry food as well as frozen such as fish flakes Vegtables are also key to a guppies diet and health Tank maintenance and Cleaning of the tank Cleaning of the tank Water changes


The fish tank water should be changed anout every two weeks When changing the water it is best to use a water conditioner This will neutralize the chlorine that most tap water contains however the ammonia will still be present in the latter If you don t own a water conditioner make sure you air out the tap water in a buket for 24 hours before pouring into the aquarium Filtered water should also be checked when being used as the filter membranes could be damaged or due for replacement Testing the aquaruim water Water checks should be done on a regular basis The stability of the PH factor should range between 6 5 7 5 as this is suitable for most fish or they can adjust if slighty put The carbinate hardness of PH is close to 4 5 then immediate action is needed Aquarium filtration Filter inserts should be changed every 4 weeks as the fuction of a filter is essential to filter out fish waste uneaten debris and particles The filter should be cleaned once a month with the water extraxcted from the tank Tank maintenance Daily Take 10 minutes to carefully watch your fish make sure that their behaviour is normal behavioural chages indicate a problem Make sure all the equipment such as filter lights and the decorations is working properly Weekly always count there is the right amount of fish incase of death Spotting this quickly results in smaller levels of ammonia and high nitrate levels Every other week Always test the fish tank water for parameters such as nitrite and nitrate A partial water change 10 15 of water should be in affect to reduce pollutants 


The gravel will also need vacumming with the filter needing to be washed and rinsed with the extracted water The tank walls will also ned cleaning filter floss is the perfect way of getting rid of unwanted moss always start from the bottom upward Monthly All check expiration dates on test kits as expiered ones will give an inacurte reading Replace cartrides and filters and check that the tubing aitstones and skimmers are working correctly Nitrogen cycle The nitrogen cycle is the process of bacteria being converted into harmful waste This is due to fish waste dead organisms and invertebrates these materials eveuntally decay causing ammonia being produced Ammonia will burn the gills of the fish and end up causing the fish to choke as they arent getting enough oxygen Nitrosomonas bacteria consumes the ammonia which creates another chemical called nitrite Nitrite prevents blood from flowing oxygen and is toxic to fish Nitrobacter consumes the nitrite and turns it into a chemical called nitrate which requires anaerobic conditions to convert ino harmless gas This is why regualr water chnages are necessary Story board How to set up a tropical fish tank Legislation Animal welfare act was introduced in 2006 and created by DEFRA Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs It was created to stop animal abuse and mistreatment making any individual responsible for any animal s health and care 



The basic guideline that follows this is A correct and suitable diet Owners ensure that the animal has and displays normal behaviour patterns A suitable environment with a back garden Housing with or without other animals Protection from any suffering disease and injury Animal welfare offences The protection of animal s act of 1911 it is an offence to cause unnecessary physical mental harm Other offences include The mutilation of any heathy animal The selling exchanging or giving a pet as a prize to a child Configuring animal fights Prosecutions Any local authorities such as civilians and police are able to prosecute against an animal owner Serious animal crime and abuse can be fined up to 20 000 and 51 weeks of imprisonment People that are convicted of animal crimes can be prohibited from owning another animal Health and Safety at Work Act The health and safety work act was introduced in 1974 by the act of parliament this act was to ensure health and safety at work Employers must keep a written record of the health and safety policy in the work place The act requires these rules The safe operation of working environments Safe access to the workplace Safe handling of dangerous substances and machinery The right training given to staff Welfare provisions


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