Essay Example on For the past seventy years doping has been a large Issue









For the past seventy years doping has been a large issue in the world of competitive sports Performance enhancing drugs cause drastic changes to an athletes performance improving the athletes ability to perform beyond their typical capabilities The popularity of PED s have increased so dramatically within recent times that there are organizations dedicated to preventing doping in sports These organizations go to vast measures in order to ensure that athletes are not cheating in order to gain an advantage on other players This action has not stopped athletes from cheating with the use of PED s but only encouraged them to turn to sneaky ways of hiding the fact that they are in fact taking PEDS Performance enhancing drugs have a great appeal to athletes since they allow the athlete to push their quality of performance further in a fast and easy way Despite the appealing benefits that these PEDS give to an athlete the use of these drugs are highly frowned upon in the sporting world due to its unfair nature of cheating your way to winning It is thought by many that doping in sports began not that long ago while it in fact began as far back as 776 BC 393 BC during the original Olympic Games in ancient Greece 

These athletes would attempt to improve their performance by using mushrooms During this time bakers would also prepare break that contained analgesic properties relieving athletes from any pain they may have had from training 1904 1920 PEDs in the modern olympics In 1904 a marathon runner by the name of Thomas Hicks was found to be using a mixture of brandy and strychnine a stimulant that is unsafe in high doses and nearly died During these olympics athletes would also use mixtures of strychnine heroin cocaine and caffeine Each athlete coach and team alike had their own personal formula 1928 prohibiting of drugs In this year the IAAF International Association of Athletics Federation was the first international sporting federation that prohibited doping by athletes 1958 A doctor by the name of John Bosley Zieglar created a steroid by the name of Dianabol This steroid was approved by the FDA This drug brought a lot of success for the Russian weightlifting team His creation synthesizes the properties of strength building testosterone while also keeping the negative health effects minimal 1960 During the Summer Olympics in Rome danish cyclist Knut Jenson collapsed during the 100km team race This fall was initially thought to be due to the high temperatures that day but his autopsy showed traces of amphetamine called Ronicol 1967 A British cyclist by the name of Tommy Simpson died during the 13th stage of the Tour de France This athlete had been named Sports Personality of the Year by the BBC two years prior to his tragic death In reaction to Tommy Simpson s death the International Olympic Committee initiated 1968 The International Olympic committee performed its first compulsory doping control during the Winter Olympics in Grenoble France and in Mexico City during the same year By this time the list of banned substances were narcotic analgesics stimulants comprising of sympathomimetic amines psychomotor stimulants and miscellaneous central nervous system stimulants including alcohol Although it was suspected that androgenic anabolic steroids were being used at this time testing methods were insufficiently developed to warrant the inclusion of anabolic steroids in the list of banned substances 1968 1983 

Within these years the IOC continued to perform drug tests on athletes leading to many disqualifications continued to ban substances anabolic steroids surprise drug tests at Pan Am games lead to many people withdrawing Current day https www ncbi nlm nih gov pmc articles PMC2695732 Performance enhancing drugs are often used in order to fill an athletes desire to perform effectively for a short period time so that they can gain an advantage on the people that they are playing against These drugs allow the athlete to perform beyond their capabilities which gives them an upper hand when it comes to competing competitively There are several different types of performance enhancing drugs all with different short term effects but ultimately have the same long term effect One of the most common performance enhancing drugs are anabolic steroids Anabolic steroids are typically used in cases where a male is delayed in puberty the steroid aids in speeding up their growth The hormones anabolic effect helps the body with retaining dietary protein leading to the development of muscles Competitive athletes usually take these steroids to increase their muscle mass and their strength Human growth hormones are very popular in athletes because they help in building muscle getting rid of fat and increase energy levels by a lot HGH s give athletes a quick recovery from muscle fatigue or injury which helps them in being at their peak level for a game or competition

Anabolic steroids are commonly used by athletes to speed up the body's natural building process The effects of anabolic steroids on each gender are the opposite of each other Males will typically experience a feminization where they will become impotent and begin to develop breasts On the other hand women will experience a masculinization where they will undergo facial hair growth a deepened voice breast reduction and changes in the menstrual cycle On the extreme both genders could face rapid weight gain liver damage heart attack stroke elevated cholesterol levels and weekend tendons In addition to these physical effects anabolic steroids can also greatly impact the way you behave These steroids can cause severe mood swings causing somebody to go from being deeply depressed to being highly irritable to feeling aggressive and invincible This is commonly known to be roid rage

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