Essay Example on History of Spina Bifida









Spina Bifida has been here as long as man walked this earth Spina Bifida was founded by Professor Nicholas Tulp Spina Bifida got its name from Professor Nicholas Tulp It is estimated that Spina Bifida took place 12 000 years ago What is Spina Bifida A neural tube defect is a type of birth defect called Spina Bifida If the baby's spinal cord does not form properly it causes Spina Bifida There are three types of Spina Bifida one is mild the other is severe and the other is more severe Mild Form The mild form is the most frequent form of Spina Bifida is It doesn't usually cause problems nor need treatment You can't see the flaw but some people may have a dimple birthmark or hairy patch on their back Most people with the defect don t know they have Spina Bifida until they get an xray for something else More Severe The more severe form of Spina Bifida is called meningocele Meningocele is when the fluid leaks out of the spine and pushes against the skin A sign of Meningocele is seeing a bulge in the skin In lots of cases there are no other symptoms of Meningocele Most Severe Form The most rare and severe form of Spina Bifida is called myelomeningocele Piece of the spinal nerves pushes out of the spinal canal and the nerves are frequently injured 

A bulge in the skin is a symptom In some newborn babies the skin is wide open and the nerves are shown What causes Spina Bifida The exact origin of Spina Bifida isn't known Scientist believes that the genes and the environment are part of the origin An example women who have a child with Spina Bifida are more likely to have another child with the same disease Women who are overweight or who have diabetes are also more likely to have a child with Spina Bifida Symptoms of Spina Bifida No feeling in most parts of body legs feet or arms so children may not be able to move those parts of the body Bladder or inside problems such as leaking pee or having a hard time passing stools Liquid buildup in the brain hydrocephalus Can be treated but can still lead to learning problems seizures or vision problems Scoliosis a curve in their spine Treatment Lots of children with the mild form of Spina Bifida don t need treatment Children with meningocele more severe Spina Bifida don t need treatment sometimes too But children with the most severe form myelomeningocele usually need treatment Sometimes surgery to correct rare Spina Bifida can be performed before the baby is even born A child who has hydrocephalus fluid buildup in the brain will need surgery 

Doctors put in an extract tube called a shunt It minimizes pressure on the brain by moving excess fluid into the belly This keeps the lump from causing more harm to the brain Prevention Women who are pregnant can prevent Spina Bifida Some ways are the following Don t drink alcohol while you are pregnant Alcohol may affect your baby's health Some medicine can cause birth defects so make sure to talk to your doctor before hand Stay away from having a hot body in the first weeks of pregnancy Do not use go in a steam room hot tub or sauna Treat a high fever right away The heat could raise your baby's risk for Spina Bifida Why should we be concerned about it We should be concerned about Spina Bifida because the average lifespan for an individual with the condition is 30 40 years with renal failure as the most typical cause of death 80 90 of children with Spina Bifida will also develop hydrocephalus The substance that shields the brain and spinal cord is called cerebral spinal fluid When a child has hydrocephalus cerebrospinal fluid is not able to move freely and will later on build up inside the head causing force inside the brain What steps are societies taking in order to cope with new challenges in this condition in childhood Firstly good routines are something that is encouraged from family members who have a child with Spina Bifida There are many steps you can use support your child with Spina Bifida Have doctor appointments regularly 

Help your child be energetic and encourage him her to be as independent as possible Motivate your kid to drink plenty of water and eat foods high in fiber such as whole grains and fruits Fiber helps prevent constipation Check your kid's skin all the time Children who have little to no feeling in their legs and feet may get hurt and not know it And that could lead to an infection See an optometrist often kids with Spina Bifida often have weak eye muscles Talk to school teachers and principals before your kid enters elementary school Lots of schools have programs for people ages 3 through 21 with special needs Bibliography Spina Bifida Topic Overview WebMD WebMD www webmd com parenting baby tc spina bifida topic overview Spina bifida Mayo Clinic Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research 29 Dec 2017 www mayoclinic org diseases conditions spina bifida symptoms causes syc 20377860 Nordqvist Christian Spina bifida Symptoms causes diagnosis and treatment Medical News Today MediLexicon International 18 Oct 2017 www medicalnewstoday com articles 220424 php Spina Bifida Edited by Joseph H Piatt Jr KidsHealth The Nemours Foundation Oct 2016 kidshealth org en parents spina bifida html

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