Essay Example on However there are disadvantages which are clearly Visible








However there are disadvantages which are clearly visible for example some researchers declare that they observe a high increase of inequality between the rich and the poor These changes mainly occur between countries because the economy of an developing country grows slower whereby their population grows rapidly Borghesi Vercelli 2003 p 81 82 Another reason for a disadvantage is that companies of economically advanced countries capitalize of the low wages and no pollution regulations of developing countries to establish factories Hamdi 2013 p 143 3 2 Health Systems According to article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 every human has the right for healthcare along with food clothing and housing Every government of developed and developing nations is legally obliged to provide these fundamental human rights to its population

However many developing countries do not involve in this obligation and primarily depend on organizations e g World Health Organization WHO and developed states Reading 2010 pp 370 372 The WHO Report 2014 found that it is common for governments of developing countries to have a low expenditure on healthcare e g Pakistan spent in the year 2000 three percent of their gross domestic product on health system in 2011 while United States had over fifteen percent This issue is the result of the privatization that came along with globalization Private healthcare dominates developing countries which lead to the situation that their governments are not meeting the requirements of their obligation to international and domestic law and countries are suffering as a result Reading 2012 p 373 375 However Reading 2012 points out that privatization of healthcare can benefit the county if the government takes on the monitoring of the private sector p 375 The Impact of Globalization in the Developing Countries 2013 p 143 mentions further advantages on health systems of developing nations such as the increasing living standards and life expectancy According to WHO 2004 between the years 1950 to 2002 the average life expectancy at birth of high mortality developing countries increase by 17 years and the one of low mortality developing countries by 26 years Hamdi 2013 remarks that the reasons behind this changes are due to globalization that contribute on one hand to the economic growth and on the other hand to the developed science and medicine which discovered many deadly diseases such as AIDS Swine flu etc in the last decades and found ways to fight them p 143 3 3 Education 

The people in advanced country education is taken for granted whereas in most developing countries the educational system is not clearly regulated structured Hamdi 2013 p 143 states that globalization benefited the education system in developing countries which grew throughout the last years This for example can be observed in the decrease of illiteracy rate A report of UNESCO 2017 shows that from the years 2014 to 2016 the number of adults reported as illiterate dropped from 758 million to 750 million However Globalization can also impact the economy growth of developing countries negatively This can be observed through Brain Drain which Lowell and Findlay 2001 p 6 highlight as the phenomenon of high emigration of people with higher education According to Hamdi 2013 more and more qualified workers mostly from such sectors like science IT and medicine leave their country with the goal to earn higher income and enjoy greater lifestyle prospects in developed countries Lowell and Findlay 2001 p 4 describe emphasise that high number of skilled emigration leads to a decrease in the number of educated employees and in economic growth which will then result in increase in poverty and inequality between the rich and poor However some researchers argue that there can be benefits through Brain Drain which they call Optimal Brain Drain or Brain Circulation In Migration Of Highly Skilled Persons From Developing Countries Optimal Brain Drain is defined as just the right amount of skilled emigration Lowell Findlay 2001 p 6

Additionally Brain Circulation is when migrants who emigrated to pursue an education or a carrier in an advanced country return to their motherland to work The economists state that returned migrants will increase the productivity and effectivity of the nation with their gained experiences and knowledge from a more developed country Lowell Findlay 2001 p 5 7 4 Conclusion The beginning of globalization goes several centuries back but many economists agree that only in the last decades it has strongly accelerated as a result of new technology for information and communication emerged This phenomenon has various advantages and disadvantages depending on our concerns This paper presents the effects globalization on developing nations with the focus on the issues economic state health system and education Globalization has benefited the economy of many developing countries their economy is growing and flourishing But these processes are progressing slowly so that they cannot keep up with developed countries and the income inequality is rising Organizations such as WHO NGO and Doctors Without Borders which emerged in the process of globalization opened new possibilities to increase the overall life expectancy and living standards in developing countries by trying to eliminate diseases and provide education However with globalization privatization and emigration of skilled people increased My studies illustrated one great observation Globalization has many different impacts on every sector of a developing country but altogether these effects have in one way or another a great impact on the economy of this country

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