Essay Example on Identity and community are considered inscribed and Intact








In traditional society identity and community are considered inscribed and intact and arise through social rituals and institutions Detraditionalization in modern society however has made the identity and community complex and indeterminable Identities in conventional pre modern societies were cultivated from industrial and social norms in the areas of family religions and rituals Bryant 1999 In particular the land was deemed to be of a central value for determining identity in the farming period Mooney 1983 Aspects of life however change greatly with the rearrangement of social life and the new ways of conducting individual life in the post modern society This suggests that the constant developments in technology and economy during the present era have increased the complexity and influx of detraditionalization to a much higher degree Detraditionalization thereby leads to the creation of new varying forms of identity Rattansi Phoenix 2005 p 99 There are sociological definitions to explain detraditionalization Giddens 1994 argued that identity as a concept has been vague since the social actors and organisations have been disembedded and evacuated from the convention and thereby traditionalized and liberated Moreover the detraditionalization does not indicate either tradition notion or the newly generated notion but contains the social traits from non traditional as well as traditional aspects of society Fortuna 1998

There is also a stance for detraditionalization as the transition of social norms constructed from a traditional society such as ethics beliefs or behaviours Heelas 1996 From the above it can be deduced that detraditionalization is an influential factor that can disrupt the identity and community on the basis that it deviates from traditional social practices Settled and unconditional identity get eroded by the effects of the detraditionalization resulting in the decomposition of the sense of nation state belonging and solidarity formed by traditional orders As a result it has led to identity and community being undermined and imperilled The social phenomena of detraditionalization has therefore been spread over every corner of society There is historical evidence for the influences of detraditionalization When it comes to identity and community in religion Christianity once had a great influence in Western European countries and the power to form individuals social identity and communal behaviours lay with the church The advent of detraditionalization has however absolved religion and Christianity of its formerly strong sovereignty to form individual and social identity and in doing so has had a tremendous social impact Boeve 2005 expounded that this attrition of influence and the loss of Christianity as a pre given ideology means that identities were now forged socio culturally rather than through religious standards and dogma Part of this detraditionalization has originated from the pluralisation of the religion creating multiple religious societies and thereby resulting in a complicated and ambiguous social milieu 

Therefore the social status of religion for individual and social identity depreciated making identity more reflexive In association to this point Gauthier and Woodhead 2013 also pointed out that the complex social transition by detraditionalization accompanied the new religious veneration regarding practices symbols which established a new consciousness of the self Aldridge 2007 argued that the absence of immutable social norms caused a fluid and uncertain society leading individual to form their identity spontaneously The impact of detraditionalization can be found in the context of gender The former dominant masculine identity in the farming society was transferred into the social environment where the social status of female identity became stronger by detraditionalization Indeed the emergence of detraditionalization can be used to analyse the transition of identity for women As the significance of female labour rose and the women s responsibility for livelihood increased there was occupational detraditionalization which reformed the social crux of gender identity from a male dominant society to a society based on the equal gender relation Bock Shortall 2006 Supporting this view Brynat 1999 researched the Australian agricultural community and showed that occupational detraditionalization in women s social status represents the formation of new identities which accompanies a reflexive constitution and reconstitution of the shape of identity in new social structures This process of detraditionalization in the gender sphere and the concomitant occurrence of reflexive identity led to new social movements including feminism female politics and lesbian rights Fundamentally these movements represented the formation of a new gender identity as a striking social trait in the late modern period Houtman and Aupers 2008 argued that women in a detraditionalised situation cast doubt on their social role and identity and this fundamental reconfiguration of traditional gender identity and the concept of the breadwinner has resulted in a crisis of masculinity 

Supporting this view Culleton and Dilworth 2011 argued that the female identity upheaval has made the social position of masculinity less authoritative and that the intensification of female identity through detraditionalization has brought about the detriment of male identity In conclusion therefore detraditionalisation has had and still has a strong influence on the formation of identity and community in current societies through disruption of the traditional roles and norms introducing ambiguity and vagueness to previously defined social standards This view is supported by Stevens and Hooghe 2003 who explained that the detraditionalization has not only precipitated the imprecise definition of identity and replaced old social orders with ambiguous authorities but that it has made the value of public morality fade away It suggests that detraditionalization prevents new concepts of identity and community from taking a firm social position in modern society and simultaneously has deconstructed traditional values producing the puzzling concept of identity and community Therefore the concept of identity and community has been a significant social issue because of the effects of the detraditionalization

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