Essay Example on India is turning to change those age old problems into Opportunities








How is new age India is turning to change those age old problems into opportunities In the 1950 s and 60 s in newly independent India it was essential to be self sufficient as far as food production was considered and answer to that was GREEN REVOLUTION it did give immediate high results but it did have some long term impact For a country that emerging from ravages of colonial rule famine and lack of self sufficiency in food production green revolution was breath of fresh air It was marked by the introduction of HIGH YIELDING VARIETIES OF SEEDS adoption of modern irrigation and agricultural technologies along with creating provision of finance for farmers in addition repeal of taxes on digging well and abolition of zamindari system acted as a catalyst for the green revolution

Consequently to the 1960 s and 70 s the production of the serials and grains surged but as the year passed the cost of this revolution became apparent Expert says excessive use of chemicals and fertilizers has degraded soil fertility in India And the use of electric tube wells has depleted groundwater tables in several parts of India For instance data shows that groundwater resources are falling rapidly with NASA study estimate in the rate of depletion at 1 meter every 3 years India at present uses 230 to 250 cubic kilometer each year groundwater more than U S and China combined More than 60 of irrigated agriculture depends on ground water and its shrinking level was a serious challenge to future food security In 2016 India produced more than 250 million tons of food grain but there is still somewhere to go before India to achieve self sufficiency In a country with young and growing population dropping level of ground water and shrinking fertile grounds make a case for more sustainable methods of agriculture

Organic farming is a broad concept that involves use of natural fertilizers and methods of crop and weed control as oppose to chemical and synthetic products As we are staring at a future where we do not have enough farmers and where the topsoil is washed away and deforestation is major aspect Critics of organic farming always raise a question about economic viability and the difficulty in scaling operations to produce enough to feed the world However I believe this is where the government plays the crucial role Ensured food security requires India to move away from chemical and mono crop farming and towards sustainable agriculture practices It is often been doubted as the silver bullet to meet the challenges of agriculture globally despite that the organic farming movement is still at an early stage around the world For starters nearly around 50 9 million hectares of land is classified as organic agricultural land that is just around 1 1 of total global agricultural land While India owes 1 2 hectares of organic agricultural land this accounts just around 0 7 of total Indian agricultural land

The organic movement in the country however boost after SIKKIM was declared first organic state in 2016 Data shows that with nearly 0 6 million organic producers the highest globally India produces around 1 24 tons of organic food Worldwide organic products sales have increased roughly 18 billion US dollars to almost 82 billion dollars over past 15years while the US and Europe remain the dominant markets the share of Asian nations like china as the market for food products is on the rise In India meanwhile the size of organic food market is still small roughly at 0 36 billion US Dollars despite that it is market that growing of a rate nearly 25 30 offering a host of new opportunities India is home for the largest number of organic producers globally but still vast numbers of Indian farmers continue to follow conventional practices relying pesticides and chemical fertilizer and mono cropping to ensure higher yield Proponents of organic farming says that this is unsustainable they argued that the practicing of organic farming instead can cut input costs fetch up premium produce and improved soil fertility However making change from conventional and organic is that easy for instance farmer often have to wait for three years for organic classification for their product this place is a serious financial burden on them in the short term given that organic food in the market of India is still small Organic farming In the UK Highest organic food consumer are from Europe the European countries government has brought many schemes and strategies to help the farmers who practices organic farming there is always new methods to support organic farming In contrary to that the farmers in England have different rules and regulation to support the organic farming However there is lack of government support

According to the New Environmental Management Scheme this may support the farmers bring new scheme projects to encourage but environment being the prime preference But there is a high demand of organic food in recent years People in the UK are well aware of the essentials and importance of organic agriculture The demand for organic products are high in the south west region Limitation of organic farming The nutrient content which is supposed to be present in the organic fertilizer may vary as per the material used from chemical fertilizers The duration of the soil to gain back its nutritional value to organic fertilizer from chemical fertilizer may take longer time The organic fertilizer may not give higher yield crop than chemical fertilizer The availability of organic fertilizer in large quantities is very less

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