Essay Example on Lost to the Ages Lodovico Giustini the Baroque Era








Beginning Piano Period 2 Lost to the Ages Lodovico Giustini the Baroque Era Lodovico Giustini was born on December 12 1685 in the town of Pistoia Giustini lived his whole life in Tuscany Italy Giustini was born into a line of musicians and he would similarly devote his the majority of his life to music For example Lodovico s father Francesco was an organist at the Congregazione dello Spirito Santo Lodovico would later succeed his father as an organist in 1725 Lodovico s uncle Domenico was the composer of a mass for twelve voices and choir and his great uncle Francesco served for fifty years as a singer in the cathedral choir On a similar note Giustini would compose organ and choir music in the future none of these works have been recovered Despite the fact that he also composed the very first works for piano Giustini did not gain much recognition at the time and thus continues to remain obscure to this day Giustini died at the age of 58 in 1743 After Lodovico succeeded his father as organist at the Congregazione he went on to compose sacred music namely cantatas and oratorios In 1732 Giustini would publish his 12 Sonatas

This collection was dedicated to Dom António de Bragança a brother of King Joao V of Portugal The status of Bragança suggests that Giustini held at least some royal affiliation Around 1734 Giustini was hired as an organist for Basilica of Santa Maria dell Umiltà in Pistoia to which he would commit for the rest of his life 

The Baroque era as a whole made great use of exaggerated motion and clear easily interpreted detail to produce drama tension exuberance and grandeur Wiki Fargis to appeal to the sense of emotion at the time Baroque instruments mainly consisted of strings woodwinds brass keyboards and percussion The first instance of the piano would be a modified version of a harpsichord the fortepiano Baroque refined tonality the writing of music in a certain key through its emphasis on the emotions and tone The music of the time formed the foundation for the Classical era to come later The Baroque era also saw the rise in musical ornamentation or musical flourishes as well changes in musical notation like figured bass Furthermore polyphonic music with multiple independent melodies saw a rise in popularity These new advances further refined the stylistic appeal of the Baroque era The sole instrumental forms of concerto and sonata were also established ofto which Lodovico Giustini composed the latter The only retrievable works of Giustini are in that of his collection 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti opus 1

The collection made use of all the expressive capabilities of the instrument such as wide dynamic contrast Wiki Giustini utilizes the polyphonic melodies liberally Throughout the 12 Sonata the left hand often harmonizes simultaneously with the right hand while being a separate melody in and of itself These types of compositions were the first of their kind for the piano Particularly the sonata itself emerged as a fairly new concept during the Baroque era It remains a vague classification to this day However large scale compositions and works that made use of figured bass primarily during the Baroque period were often classified as sonatas In Giustini s case his keyboard sonatas were extensive solos that did make use of the figured bass notations These notations indicated what intervals and chords to use with a certain bass note Said notations contributed to the overall technique and artistry forms that Giustini used to develop his unique Baroquian Classical hybrid style After listening to the pieces of Lodovico Giustini again I have come upon a handful of observations Giustini was in fact ahead of his time as the similarities to Classical era music which would come 30 years later are uncanny I believe he establishes an effective appeal to emotion and regality The regal tones encompass all of his 12 Sonata and they effectively communicate the emotions Giustini had meant for his dedication to Dom Antonio It's safe to say that Giustini established the forefront of Classical piano with his revolutionary usage of polyphony and figured bass The use of Baroquian elements within his works placed great emphasis on the structural basis of the musical era exaggerated motions and grandeur Lodovico Giustini was truly an incredible composer to be capable of intermingling such foreign concepts together to such an extent that he would unknowingly predate the Classical era with his techniques However he s yet to be credited for such thus being a reason why I highly recommend people to learn of his work

I personally like Giustini s Baroquian Classical style And despite the life of Giustini being shrouded in such mystery partly due to his obscurity I believe he paved the way for the future of Classical music Sample Works I Balletto Spiritoso ma non presto II Corrente Allegro III Sarabanda Grave IV Giga Presto V Minuet Affettuoso I Siciliana Affetuoso I Preludio Largo I Alemanda Affettuoso II Canzone Tempo Di Gavotta III Alemanda Grave e Affettuod Works Cited on last page Bibliography Works Cited Freeman Daniel E LODOVICO GIUSTINI AND THE EMERGENCE OF THE KEYBOARD SONATA IN ITALY Anuariomusical anuariomusical revistas csic es index php anuariomusical article viewFile 72 73 Lodovico Giustini Wikipedia Wikimedia Foundation 7 Nov 2017 en wikipedia org wiki Lodovico_Giustini Baroque Music Wikipedia Wikimedia Foundation 24 Nov 2017 en wikipedia org wiki Baroque_music Baroque Wikipedia Wikimedia Foundation 27 Nov 2017 en wikipedia org wiki Baroque

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