The armed conflict which is classified as a non-international armed conflict in which one or more non-State armed groups are involved is spreading to other countries in the region ICRC 2017. Before the coup in 2012, Mali had labored with years of political turmoil. There had been previous rebellions in 1963, 1990 and 2006 respectively. In July of 2009 a peace agreement was signed which seemed to restate the demands of the National Pact Badale Isvoranu 2013; The Malian government has always struggled with development and poverty. The aftermath of the 2012 coup saw armed rebellious groups take hold of the country's north, thereby throwing the country into further chaos. The north of Mali a desert area undeveloped and neglected for years had over time become a breeding ground for religious Islamist extremists.
These radicals who have often fomented unrest in the country's checkered troubled history reignited hostilities immediately after the military coup. Major extremist groups were created from existing ones after the destabilization of the country's democracy and thus began the 2012 Malian conflict. In spite of obvious progress over the years like peace treaties, ceasefire agreements and even a democratic election supported by international organizations some of the militant groups still control parts of the country in the north and the conflict is far from over.