Essay Example on Personality is the individual consistent and pattern way of Behaviour

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Personality is the individual consistent and pattern way of behaviour especially in social situations The Big five personality traits model identify the broad five personality types which are very useful in predicting different kinds of work related attitudes and behaviours The model depict that personality consists of five relatively independent dimensions that altogether provide a meaningful taxonomy for the study of individual differences These five dimensions are Openness to Experience Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness and Neuroticism Openness to experience refers to the number of interests to which one is attracted and the depth to which those interests are pursued People who like to learn new things and enjoy new experiences usually score high in openness to experience It indicates how open minded a person is A person with a high level of openness to experience in a personality test enjoys trying new things They are imaginative curious and open minded Individuals who are low in openness to experience would rather not try new things Ashton Lee 2001 They are close minded literal and enjoy having a routine Individuals with a high level of openness have a general appreciation for unusual ideas and art They are usually imaginative rather than practical Being creative open to new and different ideas and in touch with their feelings are all characteristics of these people Amadi Ahamefule Ojo 2015 Individuals who score low in openness on a career test are generally more closed off resistant to change and analytical 



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A person who scores low in openness on a career test may excel in jobs that involve routine work and do not require creativity Having a high level of openness is important in jobs that require creative thinking and a flexible attitude Jobs such as advertising research and other artistic occupations all benefit from high openness The behavioural tendencies typically associated with Openness to experience include being imaginative cultured curious original broad minded intelligent Digman 1990 and having a need for variety aesthetic sensitivity and unconventional values McCrae John 1992 Conscientiousness refers to the number of goals on which one is focused Kumar Bakhshi Rani 2009 It is related to dependability and volition and the typical behaviours associated with it include being hard working achievement oriented persevering careful and responsible Barrick Mount 1991 A person scoring high inconscientiousness usually has a high level of self discipline These individuals prefer to follow a plan rather than act spontaneously Their methodical planning and perseverance usually makes them highly successful in their chosen occupation Conscientiousness is about how a person controls regulates and directs impulses Individuals with a high level of conscientiousness on a career test are good at formulating long range goals organizing and planning routes to these goals and working consistently to achieve them despite short term obstacles they may encounter Extraversion refers to the level of sensory stimulation with which one is comfortable The behavioural tendencies used to measure this factor include being sociable gregarious assertive talkative and active Barrick Mount 1991 


A person who scores high in extraversion on a personality test is the life of the party Individuals high in extraversion on a career test have a tendency to seek out the company and stimulation of other people They enjoy engaging with the external world These individuals thrive on excitement and are enthusiastic action oriented people They like to be the centre of attention in groups People who are low in extraversion Introverts are less outgoing and are more comfortable working by themselves or being alone They are less involved in social activities and tend to be quiet and keep to themselves An introvert does not require the external stimulation that extraverts do require Agreeableness refers to the number of sources from which one takes one s norms for right behaviour Kumar Bakhshi Rani 2009 The behavioural tendencies typically associated with this factor include being courteous flexible trusting good natured cooperative forgiving soft hearted and tolerant Barrick Mount 1991 Individuals with high levels of agreeableness tend to show more warmth friendliness and tactfulness The more agreeable someone is the more likely they are to be trusting helpful and compassionate Disagreeable people are cold and suspicious of others and they are less likely to cooperate Pappas 2013 Neuroticism refers to the number and strength of stimuli required to elicit negative emotions in a person Kumar Bakhshi Rani 2009 Neuroticism is also sometimes called Emotional Stability This dimension relates to one's emotional stability and degree of negative emotions Persons who are high on this dimension are usually anxious depressed angry embarrassed emotional worried and insecure Barrick Mount 1991 Neuroticism is similar but not identical to being neurotic in the Freudian sense Some psychologists prefer to call neuroticism by the term emotional stability to differentiate it from the term neurotic in a career test The fact that these individuals are free from experiencing negative feelings does not mean that they experience a lot of positive feelings


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