Essay Examples on Southwest University of Visual Arts

Women today unlike for most of history have an equal Representation

Introduction Women today unlike for most of history have an equal representation by number in most fields and institutions However this statement is not true for the field of science technology engineering and mathematics abbreviated STEM which calls for a deeper analysis of the factors that are responsible for this situation According to the United States Department of Commerce a cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth that publishes credible statistics women make up only 24 percent of the STEM workforce Women in STEM 2017 Update 2017 Additionally professor Sylvia Ann Hewlett founder and CEO of the Center for Talent Innovation says that women who have an engineering degree a major STEM field have a 40 chance of leaving the field or never entering it at all Hewlett et al 2008 This shows that the problem is more complex than it appears women are not necessarily ignoring the STEM field but many are leaving it or deciding not to work in it even though they went through the necessary education The issue of underrepresentation overall can be traced to three main factors psychology of women family work balance and socioeconomic factors Psychology of Women Women have different pursuits and preferences than men which results in their low number in the STEM field Jane G Stout who has a PhD in psychology and has published multiple essays on the topic of women's psychology suggests that women want to pursue careers associated with communion while most science fields are seen having agency and little communion Stout et al 2016 

2 pages | 512 words

The original concept of job satisfaction links to motivation Theories

Knowing how to motivate employees and what motivates each of them is critical for an organization's ability to get results and avoid negative consequences Frey 2002 Psychologist Abraham Maslow proposed that all people seek to satisfy five basic kinds of needs physiological safety belongingness esteem and self actualization Figure 1 In order to get the most out of the team managers of the business organisation should not only help employees understand the meaning of their roles but also support them in other aspects of their lives outside the work It is important to listen to employees ask questions of them say Good Morning to them ask about their families and get to know a little bit about their aspirations ambitions home life and work motivations Elwell nd To strengthen relationships between employees team building activities could be recommended to increase morale A happy team member automatically communicates that feeling to the guests Bardi 2007 Nevertheless the Maslow's theory cannot be separated from Herzberg's Motivation Hygiene Theory also known as the two facor theory and Dual factor theory which states that certain factors in the workplace cause job satisfaction such as recognition and challenging work while absence of separate factors cause dissatisfaction for instance status job security and salary Figure 

2 pages | 412 words