Essay Example on Tennis History and Evolution

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Tennis History and Evolution Most historians believe tennis first originated from the French Monasteries around the year 1000 It was known as je de paune which means game of hand in French It later adapted its modern name tennis from the French word tenez which means take this as people would say this before passing the ball The game slowly spread over Europe and by the time it got to England bouncier leather balls were used to play Although popular the sport was abandoned by the year 1700 but due to the invention of more durable natural rubber balls by Charles Goodyear the sport rose back in popularity in the 1850 s In 1874 Walter Clopton Wingfield created rules for an outdoor version of tennis called Sphairistike Greek for playing ball The court was shaped like an hourglass and the rules were highly criticized but it was the early foundation of modern tennis Three years after invention of Sphairistike the All England Club converted a croquet field into a tennis court modifies rules and the court layout and the first ever lawn tennis tournament was held in Wimbeldon London Many technological advancements have been introduced in the game of tennis 



These include the ability to watch matches at home in 3D observe point by point data as well as instant replays Players are using the growing technology to pick racquets with more suitable frames and to monitor and improve on their own shots and serve speed In 1994 speed radar guns were introduced to detect ball speed In 1980 the Cyclops machine was used to determine if the ball was in or out of court And in 2006 a technology called Hawk Eye was introduced which tracks all movement of the ball including its spin In 2008 new playing surface materials were introduced with ball tracking technology Rules Regulations and Objectives of tennis Modern tennis incorporates almost the same rules as those developed by the All England Club It is played on a rectangular court by either two players singles or four players doubles Players stand on opposite sides of the court and use racquets made of metal and synthetic fibres They hit a hollow rubber ball covered in felt back and forth to each other Each player has a maximum of one bounce after it has been hit by their opponent to return the ball over the net The ball must be within the boundaries of the court Failure to do so results in the opponent winning a point Additionally one player serves for an entire game

The aim is to win enough points to win a game then win enough games to win a set and enough sets to win a match Usually the first person to win six games wins a set Matches are usually the best of three or the best of five sets Training required for competitive tennis Tennis requires both strength and endurance training Strength training for tennis involves all major muscle groups and is a valuable activity for aerobic and anaerobic exercise Tennis is an interval training game where there are several intense bursts of physical activity followed by brief periods of rest leading to a more efficient use of oxygen Additional training would involve focusing on improving hand eye coordination and flexibility This would allow players to time the ball correctly to contact points on the racquet and to improve the amount the player can stretch to return the ball back to the opponent Nutritional requirements Competitive tennis players require a carbohydrate rich diet Breakfast should contain complex carbohydrates to allow for a steady store of energy for matches during the day as well as small amounts of protein Players need to consume electrolytes water and additional carbohydrates during matches to boost energy levels and stay hydrated After matches players need to replenish their bodies with a healthy balanced meal for muscle recovery with high amounts of lean protein and complex carbohydrates Risks and common injuries

Many risks and injuries exist in competitive tennis Tennis elbow for example is the repeated use of muscles in the arm and forearm causing micro tears in the tendons resulting in elbow pain Shoulder tendonitis and bursitis is another example where muscles and tendons of the rotator cuff or the bursa of the shoulder are injured resulting in inflammation and pain in the shoulder Additionally tendonitis of the wrist is where inflammation of the tendons near the wrist cause pain while extending the wrist Patellar tendonitis is an injury where excessive jumping causes strain on the tendon connecting the kneecap and shinbone resulting in microscopic tears Another common injury is ankle spraining which is the twisting of ankles from running causing damage of ligaments therefore resulting in pain inflammation and stiffness Lastly stress fractures in the back is common where excessive hyperextension bending of the back side bending and rotation of the trunk could result in fractures of the lower back bones Major events and issues The Grand Slam includes events which are now considered the most prestigious events in Tennis These include Wimbledon introduced in 1877 the US open introduced 1881 the French open introduced in 1891 and the Australian open introduced in 1905 Winning all four tournaments within the same year is knows as a Grand Slam Tennis was part of the Olympics from 1896 however was withdrawn in 1924 due to disputes From 1988 Tennis returned as a full medal sport in the Olympics There have been many scandals in Tennis especially with regards to match fixing and drug use An example of this is when Andre Agassi admitted to using methamphetamine and lied to the Association of Tennis Professionals ATP to avoid disqualification In 1997 he failed a drug test and claimed he consumed this substance without his knowledge


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