Essay Example on The performance based way to Education









The performance based way to education allows students to use their knowledge and to demonstrate their understandings and proficiency Performance assessments are essential for teachers also in order to evaluate both the effectiveness of the procedure and the product that will result from performance of a task They might be multiple judged to be excellent However such tasks should be used in every subject area and with all class levels Features ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ Performance tasks doesn t require one right answer Therefore they call for students to apply their learning in context Also they motivate problem solving and critical thinking skills inspires divergent thinking and promotes independent learning In addition performance tasks are referred to as assessments which highlights the practical application of the tasks in real world settings Authenticity is an important goal of performance assessments It is interesting challenging and meaningful but it requires time to be finished or completed 

Types ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ 1 Standardized exams That requires same answers from all the students 2 Locally developed exams Such as surveys questionnaires Usually these exams are designed by faculty of the course sequence being evaluated 3 Performance measurements The process of collecting analyzing and reporting information regarding the performance of an individual 4 Surveys and questionnaire Same as locally developed exams 5 Portfolio A case where someone can demonstrate his her beliefs skills qualifications education training and experience Advantages of performance tasks ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ Performance based assessment provide several advantages and can importantly increase the effectiveness of instruction and evaluation systems A major advantage is that they can measure the learning outcomes that can t be measured by other means A second advantage of performance assessments is that they can clearly communicate instructional goals that involve complex performances in natural settings in and outside the school A third advantage is that they implement approaches that are suggested by modern learning theory which conceives of students as active participants in the construction of meaning According to this new knowledge must be actively transformed and integrated with a student s prior knowledge Another advantage for performance tasks is that they help in raising student creativity through encouraging them to use divergent thinking to generate their ideas In addition to this performance tasks can be embedded within courses and they can provide a chance for student self assessment and reflection Last but not least performance tasks can be summative or formative Limitations ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ 

The most commonly mentioned limitation of performance tasks parallel those named for essay questions Unreliability of ratings of performance across teachers or across time for the same teacher is clearly a limitation Another limitation is their time consuming nature Because a considerable amount of time may be required to allow pupils to have a satisfactory chance to perform each task relatively few extended performance assessments can be obtained within a reasonable amount of time Also there should be a careful attention to the learning outcomes that the task is interested to assess and to the scoring rubrics that will be used in rating the performances is required both at the time tasks are developed and at the time performances are rated to minimize this limitation In addition to that performance tasks must be carefully planned if used to document obtainment of student learning results Why using performance task strategy ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ As a teacher I choose Performance tasks strategy because it focuses on the process of providing teachers with variety of resources experiences and tools which can widen the choice of tasks used to assess learners knowledge and abilities They can help by supporting me with ideas in order to manage the assessments in my own classroom In addition 

I can select from a variety of tasks and tasks types and use them occasionally in my class Also performance tasks might be motivating and informative to work with a colleague Teachers can share what they are learning as they try different tasks in their classroom Validation of performance tasks ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ Performance task is scored using rubrics that focus on the set of characters that make up the features of successful performance These appearances are well defined so that students and teachers both understand these rubrics so that the discussion around task performance can lead to improved performance Two questions are essential to any construct validation Does the assessment effectively represents the intended construct Is performance influence by factors that are supplementary or irrelevant construct The validity of assessments using this model appears at first appearance to be very direct One should be able to collect evidence that the task and scoring rubric are valid and that the discussion between pupils and lecturers surrounding the rubric scores is facilitative of learning And when asked all parties involved in the assessment process should be able to talk in meaningful ways about the assessment Content consideration in assessment development to enhance validity Table of specification Is a two way chart to specify what an assessment should measure

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