THE SOCIAL HUMANITARIAN AND CULTURAL COMMITTEE SOCHUM TOPIC Protection of migrant workers rights COUNTRY Republic of Turkey Traditionally Turkey has been known as an emigrant sending country In the 1960s and 1970s a mass volume of Turkish nationals immigrated to Western European nations especially to Western Germany With the advent of the new century on account of the intense migratory movements Turkey has transpired as a transit country and converted from the country of emigration into the one of immigration The escalation in the number of migrant workers has called a great concern about international workers rights for each nation Labour migration agreements in the early 1960s with Western European countries most notably Western Germany resulted in tremendous outflows of Turkish laborers The pact signed aimed to provide these flourishing economies with the temporally unskilled workers while alleviating the strain of unemployment in Turkey When the need for migrant workers of these countries lessened coincided with the economic boom in the Middle East in the 1970s
Turkish workers immigrated to Saudi Arabia Libya and then to Commonwealth of Independent States in 1990s As a result of this emigration remittances sent by Turkish migrant workers have been a major source of foreign currency input for the economy since the 1960s The Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs estimated at least 5 million Turks inhabit oversea which is equivalent to 6 percent of the country s 81 million populations Moreover Turkey is also known as the main transit route in the European Union for asylum seekers and migrants in 2015 Not only being the emigration country Turkey is also a host country for many refugees migrant workers mainly from Syria with 3 5 million 2017 accounted for 3 5 percent of the population in this country Other origins of migrants come from Afghanistan Iran Iraq and even Somalia Besides the draw of a growing economy in 2007 2011 the reprieve from a tumultuous regional political climate that Turkey offers is a mass appeal to migrants Turkey is also regarded as a safe haven in a dangerous neighborhood Estimatedly 5 5 billion of the budget has been used to aid for the refugees which is obviously inadequate to support the exceeded number of migrants The surmounted immigrant workers in Turkey have culminated in acceleration of unemployment in the local population language barrier poor accessibility to health services only 12 of Syrians have effective access to health services politic and security disorder In Addition on November 29 2015 the European Union and Turkey signed an agreement called EU Turkey 2015 Joint Action Plan under which the EU will give Turkey 3 billion to manage the refugee crisis in the country aimed at the Syrian refugees and Iraqis and to prevent their reaching EU countries Witnessing the hazard of this matter including persecution harassment unpaid and low paid jobs human right violations poor health services many international organizations have made measures to cope with the issue
The International Labour Organization ILO has adopted 2 legally binding instruments relating to labor migrants Convention No 97 of 1949 C97 concerning Migration for Employment and Convention No 143 of 1975 C143 concerning Migrations in Abusive Conditions and the Promotion of Equality of Opportunity and Treatment of Migrant Workers which are complemented by non binding recommendations Additionally the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted resolution A RES 45 158 also called the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families ICMW on Dec 18 1990 which was signed and ratified by Turkey and A RES 69 167 Protection of migrants on 18 December 2014 As a strong and consistent advocate for the United Nations Turkey would be willing to make our best stab with the view to tackling this matter That is to say the country has taken many practical steps to address human rights abuses of migrant workers A new legislation was required so as to achieve an effective management of the worker flows and to encourage high skilled workforce into Turkey As there has been a demand for new law the Law on Foreigners and International Protection in 2013 which is the core of migration policies in the country a new law have been put forward in the politic agenda
The new law was initially intended to be legislated in 2015 but it was delayed due to the elections and political emergencies in Turkey In spite of the unruly atmosphere in Turkish politics owing to the coup attempt the International Workforce Law IWL on foreign workers was passed in August 2016 The law is supposed to manage the determination application and monitoring of the policies related to employment of international workforce The labor migrants can get jobs and be guaranteed to be paid at least equal to the minimum wage provided that they attain the work permits from the Ministry of Labor and Social Security We have gone a long way in enhancing the migrant workers human rights but Turkey strongly believes that more tactical methods must be applied to put an end to this drastic problem It is vital that we should take into consideration these points of actions increasing the capacity of local hospitals and educational facilities facilitating work permits providing more authority to local administrations co ordinating between local and central authorities generating extra capacity and budget for municipalities opening up new living areas in the border cities increasing international aid increasing border security creating a database to understand refugee movements looking at the issue objectively without political concerns preventing begging bolstering the efficiency in law and order fairly sharing or distributing the refugee burden To conclude the delegate of Turkey calls for all nations and organizations joining hands to aim for the most radical solution to this issue
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