When looking at the Iraq war through a neorealist perspective it is essential to use its 3 main points when assessing such an event firstly how the international system s ordering principle is anarchy This simply means that there is no such thing as a world government Jakobsen With no overarching global authority that provides security and stability in international relations world politics is not formally and hierarchically organized Dibek Secondly it is that states seek security and finally it is a states superior function to secure itself Jakobsen The theory most often associated with Kenneth Waltz 1924 2013 who was an American scholar and political scientist explained that there is no higher authority amongst states to ensure international order He also argued that the anarchic structure of the international system has made into a self help system for states which in essence means that states are seeking power in order to secure themselves In relation to the Iraq war the structure of the international system helps to explain how America was easily able to invade Iraq without any serious consequences Seeing as there is no sovereign to govern interactions between autonomous nation states conflict is therefore more susceptible between states as there is no global sovereign to regulate interactions between these states Waltz Another perspective of the neorealist theory is that states need to secure themselves i e the Security Dilemma From the The security dilemma one of the most well known concepts in the international relations literature reflects the basic logic of offensive realism The essence of the dilemma is that the measures a state takes to increase its own security usually decrease the security of other states Thus it is difficult for a state to increase its own chances of survival without threatening the survival of other states Mearsheimer When looking at the case between the Iraq war and America it was then that a security dilemma had occurred Iraqi leader Sadam Hussein was seen to be in possession of weapons of mass destruction as well as having close ties to the leader of the Taliban who was suspected of carrying out the 9 11 attacks The US had then stated it had no other options but to engage in military combat in order to ensure security for its own state
An Olive Branch in Troubled Times. In the midst of the Cold War newly elected president, John F Kennedy delivered his inaugural address on January 20, 1961. The conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union had caused much division in the United States, election resulting in his narrow victory Kennedy at the time was the youngest president and the first Roman-Catholic ever elected to the office. These two factors caused even more speculation on whether Kennedy was a fit president, especially at such a conflicted time. With this tension in mind, Kennedy sought to unite the divided country and reinvigorate patriotism in the new generation of Americans. He accomplished this task by using diction rhetorical tropes and modes of persuasion in his inaugural address when he took the office. Despite his young age Kennedy confidently takes the presidential office by using archaic and abstract diction in his inaugural address. Wanting to assure his country that he is a leader who his country can trust Kennedy implements words such as asunder forebears and anew to set a formal and old fashioned tone to his speech. These words carry a heavy and powerful aura about them and thus make them effective in persuasion. By using these outdated words Kennedy effectively conveys that his age does not undermine his authoritative abilities nor define his skills as a politician.
After the American Civil War, the South still needed to rebuild itself since it suffered much damage. The Reconstruction 1865 -1877 was the era after the Civil War that the Union tried to transform the South to their liking and bring the South back to the Union. Reconstruction brought many changes to the South. President Lincoln proposed that if 10 of voters in a Southern state took an oath to pledge allegiance to the Union then the pledgers would be pardoned and the Southern state could begin forming a new state government that outlawed slavery in 1865. Proclamation of Amnesty Congress proposed that Reconstruction should wait until half of the Southern state's voters pledged loyalty to the Union. The Wade Davis Bill was proposed to Congress by Senator Benjamin F Wade and Representative Henry Winter Davis in February 1864 it stated that half the voters should take the oath and the state should give the state to vote before Reconstruction.
The Sahel region spreads from west to eastern Africa and comprises ten countries. It extends from northern Senegal to the tip of the northern parts of Ethiopia. This vast swath of land which is hardly in the news for good has suffered a series of struggles over the years, including famine conflicts, ethno, religious crises etc. These challenges which are interconnected in some ways have led to the instability of the region for many years. Mali a major country in the belt of the Sahel is witnessing a conflict that has raged on for many years. After years of stable democracy, the military coup of 2012 happened and left a power vacuum. This plunged the country into a long term conflict that has evaded all forms of resolutions. In 2017 the conflict in Mali is still ongoing despite numerous attempts to strike a peace deal prompting the Malian conflict to be described as the deadliest of the 16 UN's global peacekeeping operations Aljazeera 2017; The focus of this paper is to examine the ongoing conflict in Mali how it affects the neighboring areas and other countries in the Sahel region and proffer solutions that will bring peace and stability to the region. This is especially imperative as the conflict in Mali has evaded all forms of peaceful accords and seems to be spreading across the entire region. The genesis of the contemporary Mali conflict can be traced back to 2012 when a military coup overthrew the democratically elected government of Mali which was headed by then-President Amadou Toumane Toure.
It was just a regular day in 1945 August 6 when probably the most well-known bomb ever was dropped. Little Boy was the first atomic bomb dropped ever, it was dropped on Hiroshima a city in Japan. When the bomb was dropped over 80 000 people instantly died from things like air pressure, supersonic winds fireball and more after the bombing even more people died from things like radiation, third-degree burns, fires and more. In total the death count was over 350 000 people. The explosion wiped out 90% of the city. The Little boy also destroyed 5 square miles of the city. The bomb was dropped on top of a hospital at 8:15 in the morning and it was dropped around 2 000 feet above the ground to cause maximum damage. The blast was equivalent to 12 000 to 15 000 kilotons of TNT. A few days before the bomb was dropped America sent leaflets to Japan talking about the atomic bomb how they have a super powerful bomb and that everyone should evacuate because they do not want to hurt the innocent people, all of this sound really nice and all but some people say that perhaps they didn't actually give the leaflets and they are just saying this to take away the guilt, because then why did so many people die and why weren't the Japanese government or whatever super protective of the sky.