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The sculpture of Nataraja Meaning

This essay will focus on the sculpture of Nataraja meaning The King of Dance The sculpture represents one of the three major deities of Hindu religion called Lord Shiva It centres around the idea of Lord Shiva being the creator and destroyer of the world The reason I chose this sculpture is because I want to gain more knowledge of the spiritual and religious messages connected to the sculpture as well as understand its importance to Hinduism In my opinion the sculpture is very beautiful and detailed it shows Shiva with four arms and two legs in a dance posture known as Nataraja The name comes from one of the oldest languages in India known as Sanskrit The term Nata convey to dance and Raja to king meaning king of dance The height of the sculpture is 48cm by 36cm and every single features of his cosmic dance posture signifies the creation and destruction of the world The figure of Lord Shiva stands within a circle of flames and it is seen as the endless cycle of birth and rebirth within this Shiva dances to his cosmic dance of bliss The two stretched out upper hands of Shiva are positioned to reveal the sense of balance between the powers of creation and destruction In his right upper hand Shiva holds a drum shaped like an hourglass it provides the sound of rhythm to which Shiva dances But it is also represented as the drum which made the first sound and summoned things into existence In contrast his upper left hand holds flame of fire which characterises destruction since his role in Hindu religion is to destroy the world in order to reproduce it Both of the hands are on the same level signifying that creation and destruction are both equal The lower right hand makes the gesture Be without Fear with the palm outward it can be signified as a blessing and hope from both evil and ignorance His lower left hand is stretched diagonally across his chest pointing to his elegantly raised left leg


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