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Presence of microorganisms in the wastewater treatment plants

Introduction Presence of microorganisms in the wastewater treatment plants pays a major role in the treatment process According to Gerardi 2007 the archaebacteria and eubacteria are considered the most important microorganisms in a biological Wastewater treatment plants The two prokaryotes are commonly referred to as bacteria Wastewater treatment roles attributed to bacteria include biological phosphorus removal degradation of soluble CBOD floc formation and nitrification denitrification methanogens and fermentative processes Zooglea Ramigera has long been considered the typically activated sludge bacterium responsible for the floc formation It is capable of producing cellular components that enable flocs to stick together or agglutinate According to Unz 2017 since its discovery Zooglea ramigera has been identified primarily from the characteristic tree like Zooglea which are frequently observed in polluted environments However determination of its taxonomic position has been complicated due to insufficient data in its physiology biochemical and nutritional data to accurately characterize and distinguish its species The generic name Zooglea originates from the Greek language meaning the living glue because of its ability to attract nutrients from the water Based on this description this organism obtained its name Initially the only recognized species of the genus Zooglea Zooglea ramigera This report therefore focuses on its morphological characteristics metabolism environment relation with other organisms and its significance in society or in a specific ecosystem that is relevant in water technology Morphological characteristics Zoogloea ramigera are extremely large non motile bacteria and can grow usually as amorphous clumps or fingered like a tree as shown in figure 1

2 pages | 500 words