Essay Examples on St. Lawrence University

Flood impact is one of the most significant disasters in the world

Tingsanchali 2012 described the urban flood disaster management Flood impact is one of the most significant disasters in the world More than half of global flood damages occur in Malaysia Causes of floods are due to natural factors such as heavy rainfall high floods and high tides etc and human factors such as blocking of channels or aggravation of drainage channels improper land use and deforestation in headwater regions Floods result in losses of life and damage properties Population increase results in more urbanization more impervious area and less infiltration and greater flood peak and runoff Problems become more critical due to more severe and frequent flooding likely caused by climate change socio economic damage population affected public outcry and limited funds Flood loss prevention and mitigation includes structural flood control measures such as construction of dams or river dikes and non structural measures such as flood forecasting and warning flood hazard and risk management public participation and institutional arrangement He described concepts policy plan and operation on integrated urban flood disaster and risk management In most developing countries flood disaster management activities are handled by government Participation of non governmental agencies and private sectors are very limited Activities are exercised rather independently without proper coordination or integration Flood disaster management in developing countries is mostly reactive responding to prevailing disaster situations emergency response and recovery 

2 pages | 450 words