Essay Example on 4 Implications and Future Direction In Summary









4 Implications and Future Direction In summary the author suggests that there must be factors from both sides present that an individual is inclined to join ISIS The personal motivational factors shape the beliefs attitudes and the ideology of a person in a way which could potentially increase the probability he or she joins the organisation The organisational motivational factor on the other hand play an important role for the appeal of the group and they also provide the context for the personal connection one has towards the organisation From a psychological point of view involvement in terrorism is shaped by the interaction between the group and the individual instead of a static process only coming from the person alone In the opinion of the author security services around the world need to act before a person becomes influenced by ISIS The intelligence resources needed are of course enormous and it can be a very difficult task Therefore authorities have to work with the local community friends family establishing good relations between the police and the citizens to increase the chances of identifying someone who is attracted to a terror organisation Secondly they need to address ISIS very sophisticated use of social media by developing counter narratives to reduce the effectiveness of the groups online propaganda efforts 

However it is important that a one size fits all approach is unlikely to work because of the different target groups ISIS approached Lastly there is a fundamental difference between all the other terrorist groups like al Qaeda and ISIS This difference needs a detailed examination because the strategy to fight al Qaeda for example may not be successful when it comes to countering ISIS because of the different underlying motivations for their psychological appeal 5 Bibliography Abu Bakr al Baghdadi urges Muslims to make hijrah to the Islamic State 2014 5 Pillarz Retrieved from http www 5pillarz com 2014 07 02 abu bakr al baghdadi urges muslims to make hijrah to the islamic state Ali M 2014 Jihad in Syria Fallacies of ISIS end time prophecies RSIS Commentaries 149 2014 Singapore S Rajaratnam School of International Studies Borum R 2004 Psychology of terrorism Tampa University of South Florida Borum R 2014 Psychological vulnerabilities and propensities for involvement in violent extremism Behavioral Sciences the Law 32 3 286 305 doi 10 1002 bsl 2110 Byrne P 2014 July 15 British ISIS militant Abdul Raqib Amin believed killed by Iraqi soldiers Mirror Retrieved from http www mirror co uk news uk news british isis militant abdul raqib 3866692 Engel R 2013 November 3 Analysis Did Syria s Assad get away with chemical weapons attack Hamden R H 2014 Psychology of Terrorists 4 types Horgan J 2008 From profiles to pathways and roots to routes Perspectives from psychology on radicalization into terrorism Kohlmann E Alkhouri L 2014 September29 Profiles of Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq CTC Sentinel 7 9 1 4 Maslow A H 1943 

A theory of human motivation Psychological Review 50 4 370 396 doi 10 1037 h0054346 Neumann P R 2013 The Trouble with Radicalization in International Affairs Vol 89 No 4 July 2013 p 873 893 Peresin A Cevone A 2015 The Western Muhajirat of ISIS in Studies in Conflict Terrorism Vol 38 No 7 p 495 509 Post J 2005 Addressing the Causes of Terrorism Psychology Working Group Post J Chair in e Club de Madrid Series on Democracy and Terrorism Volume 1 the International Summit on Democracy Terrorism and Security Roy O 2015 What is the Driving Force behind Jihadist Terrorism A Scientific Perspective on the Causes Circumstances of Joining the Scene Speech at the BKA Autumn Conference International Terrorism How Can Prevention and Repression Keep Pace Mainz 18 19 November 2015 http www bka de nn_256982 SharedDocs Downloads EN Publications AutumnConferences 2015 herbsttagung2015Roy pdf Siegel P 2014 Foreign fighters Syria Why we should be worried TRAC Singal J 2014 August 18 Why ISIS is so terrifyingly effective at seducing new recruits NYMag Skinner P 2015 The power of ISIS message The Cipher Brief Retrieved from https www thecipherbrief com article power isis message Stern J Berger J M 2015 ISIS and the Foreign Fighter Phenomenon in The Atlantic 8 March 2015 http www theatlantic com international archive 2015 03 isis and the foreign fighter problem 387166 Stillman T Baumeister R 2009 Uncertainty belongingness and four needs for meaning Psychological Inquiry 20 4 249 251 doi 10 1080 10478400903333544 Venhaus J M 2010 Why youths join al Qaeda Special Report 236 Washington DC United States Institute of Peace Wagner M 2014 August 23 Apparent ISIS terrorists take photos with Nutella to seem softer friendlier to West New York Daily News Retrieved from http www nydailynews com news world isis fighters photos nutella friendly article 1 1914450 Williams D Marsden S 2014 August 11 The Cardiff jihadist who wants to die a martyr Student fighting for Islamic state warns of fireworks when US returns sparking fears of suicide missions Dailymail Retrieved from http www dailymail co uk news article 2722384 Reyaad Khan The Cardiff jihadist wants die martyr html Wood G 2015 March What ISIS Really Wants The Atlantic Retrieved from http www theatlantic com magazine archive 2015 03 what isis really wants 384980

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