Essay Example on Abello Contensse C 2008 Age and the critical period hypothesis








Abello Contensse C 2008 Age and the critical period hypothesis ELT Journal Volume 63 Issue 2 1 April 2009 Pages 170 172 https doi org 10 1093 elt ccn072 Christian Abello Contensse provided the key terms in his paper where he stated that children acquiring a new language would have a better result in acquiring the language than when an adult tries Stated that CPH is the period where optimal level of language attainment could happen There are four 4 main points that were debated in the study and these are 1 the multiple critical periods 2 the non existence of one or more critical period 3 sensitive not critical period and 4 gradual and continual decline from childhood to adulthood Some studies negate the claim where in a child could have a better outcome than adults and while other studies support it It concludes that both young and old language learners would be able to learn the language and that other than age there are other factors affecting second language learning Abello Contensse s paper would be helpful in identifying how age affects second language learning It could be noted that this author is credible because of the book he has written with other authors about bilingualism and multilingualism indicating that this author is knowledgeable in his works Archibald J Roy S Harmel S Jesney K Dewey E Moisik S Lessard P 2006

A Review of the Literature on Second Language Learning Retrieved from http www acpi ca documents litreview pdf This review of related literature written by The Language Research Center LRC of the University of Calgary that was centered on second language learning The paper included some investigators that examined their work The paper was intended for future researchers about learning a language to the people residing in a state called Alberta The paper is centered on the effects of learning second language to a person s first language It also stated that introduction to a second language would not have any negative effects on a person s first language in fact it strengthens skills in speaking and cognition This could somehow negate the claims that a person s first language could be affected if the second language being acquired is more practiced Although there are some points about the teaching methods that could be used by teachers in addressing children acquiring a second language This work could either help or support my bibliography on how age affects a person s ability to learn a new language Bialystok E Hakuta K Wiley E n d Critical Evidence A Test of the Critical Period Hypothesis for Second Language Acquisition Retrieved from https web stanford edu hakuta www docs 

CriticalEvidence pdf Ellen Bialystok Kenji Hakuta and Edward Wiley conducted a study the had the participants of immigrants with backgrounds of Spanish and Chinese speakers It had been stated that language proficiency does decline as the age of exposure to the second language increases They also stated that according to a theory the identified patterns could be the one hindering the way of learning In addition two 2 characteristics were stated that were used to assume the presence of the critical period hypothesis There could be some negations seen throughout the study about the age related claims There was claim about the claims on the periodic ranges of the Critical Period Hypothesis The work defined Critical Period Hypothesis as something that is used to differentiate the success of a child and the failure of adults in learning a second language In the end they have concluded their study stating that the success of learning a second language declines with age alongside with other studies that support this claim Birdsong D n d The Critical Period Hypothesis for Second Language Acquisition Tailoring the Coat of Many Colors Retrieved from https liberalarts utexas edu frenchitalian _files pdf davidbpdfs TailoringCoat_DBird pdf The work written by David Birdsong about the Critical Period Hypothesis for second language learning focused on the period of the said critical period hypothesis In his paper he believed that as the brain matures the ability of a person to attain a language at optimal level would be difficult

There were different claims that support and negate the claim that the perceived real period for learning a new language is from infancy to puberty as some stated that it could be early or later Birdsong s claim about the periodic range of Critical Period Hypothesis is somehow supporting Lennberg s claim about the Critical Period Hypothesis ending at puberty could be seen in the paper of Johnson and Newport 1989 Although some of the sources that were used are old and are out of date He also identified other aspects concerning the Critical Period Hypothesis which may be of use as a source as a support to claims with the same periodic range Hoff E 2014 Language Development Belmont CA Wadsworth Erika Hoff from the Florida Atlantic University wrote a book titled Language Development is all about language acquisition and learning Some of the topics that are seen in the book is the Critical period hypothesis and the Second Language Acquisition There are other subtopics supporting claims that language can be best learned at an optimal level at a certain age and period in time She also identified some language theories that are well known and commonly used when researching about language learning The book also tackles on the the methods that could be seen in the second language acquisition during a child s childhood There are also useful information in the book that could support and negate claims that were claimed in the studies Hoff also used famous and known theories that she used throughout the book Although there are various subtopics in the book there are topics that are relevant to the topic of Critical Period Hypothesis which would be the focus of the Extended Paper

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