Essay Example on Alzheimer Disease a disease that causes presenile Dementia








Alzheimer Disease a disease that causes presenile dementia and affects about 5 3 million Americans The cause of the disease is unknown but it brings on many problems of those who are diagnosed with it The disease is a progressive illness that deteriorates the brain and can occur in middle age or old age Many may think that memory loss is normal the older you get but Alzheimer s is not a normal part of aging Alzheimer's makes it harder to do everyday activities as it is the most common form of dementia As we all grow our brain changes in certain ways Many people have to face some changes that make performing different activities that are usually easy very hard and almost impossible to do One of the most major effects this disease puts on the brain is the loss of nerve cells

This puts a huge challenge on one s memory and even their behavior Not only are nerve cells lost but also tissue cells causing the brain to become smaller When the brain shrinks this takes away the ability to do most of its important functions There is also a loss of the chemical neurotransmitter acetylcholine Hoyle This chemical is a crucial part of the brain because it provides a way for signals to go from one nerve to the other Without this chemical it is almost impossible to do daily tasks such as eating driving and even walking Two things that are involved with alzheimer's are plaques and tangles The growth of these clusters is another way that blocks off signals in between nerve cells Tangles are basically dead nerve cells made up of protein that take up the brain's area They block off transportation roots for food molecules and other important materials only making it harder for nutrients to travel throughout the brain If there are no nutrients and other important materials supplying the brain neurons can eventually die and wear out This is a major component to why it is harder to remember focus and reason with alzheimer's

The progression of Alzheimer's disease is a slow process as it can affect anyone from the ages of 65 and older In some rare cases it can even affect people in their 40 s or 50 s There are certain stages of the disease that occur over time The first stage takes place when the patient can still do everyday things but have a difficulty remembering little things A change in behavior and personality also occurs in the early stages This also includes mood swings difficulty when it comes to problem solving and misplacing things Personality and behavioral changes including suspiciousness and delusions or compulsive repetitive behavior like hand wringing or tissue shredding Alzheimer's Association So not only are there physical changes being made to the body but there are also mental and emotional parts that are being changed as well Alzheimer's disease can be easily mistaken as a result of old age however this is not the case The disease is not a normal part of aging If a patient believes that he or she may be developing the illness there are many tests to be sure such as a medical exam and a cognitive test through either a neurologist psychologist or a psychiatrist The first stage eventually progresses to the middle stage which can last from 2 to 10 years

The middle stage is basically all the symptoms of the first stage but they become worse and the patient has an even harder time do daily activities One of the main symptoms that progresses through the stages is the decrease in social interactions as the diseases impact on speech and comprehension becomes more difficult The disease brings on many risk factor and one of the main thing it causes people to do is wander and get lost Wandering is a serious problem among those who are diagnosed because it increases their risk of injury and even death The patient's ability to sense objects around them are also made harder This stage is where plaques and tangles grow the most as well As the middle stage of the disease continues to become worse the severe stage of alzheimer's occurs This stage can last within 1 to 5 years and is in most cases the lead to death among many patients Not only are the brain's nerve cells tissue cells and roots of transportation destroyed but also the cortex of the brain This is when the shrinking of the brain occurs The three stages of alzheimer's can last up to more than 10 years and it is a slow progression As the stages of Alzheimer's continues throughout a patient's life there are possible ways to slow it down or prevent it from getting worse

There is no cure for alzheimer's but the medical field is researching extensively on drugs that could help The most important and effective way to stay mentally healthy as you get older is to keep yourself mentally active Interacting in games playing an instrument or any activity that keeps the mind thinking and working may help Emerging research suggests that the steps people take to maintain heart health may reduce the risk of cognitive decline Alzheimer's Association Keeping the body physically active can make a big difference during the stages of alzheimer's By being physically active more blood will be pumped through the brain increasing it's supply of nourishments it needs Not only should a person diagnosed with this disease maintain a healthy body but they should also have a healthy diet as well Again this is another way to ensure that the brain is getting all of the nourishments and certain materials it needs to function

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