Essay Example on Awareness of dengue home self test kit among the Population

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CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The purpose of the study was to provide a systematic description which it is related to knowledge practice and attitudes towards the level of awareness of dengue home self test kit among the population of female s resident at Rafflesia 2 UiTM Selangor This chapter explain the procedure that related to methodology as how the researcher was executed the research The procedure that included under this research are the research design sampling frame sampling techniques sample size unit of analysis data collection procedures validity of instruments and data of analysis 3 1 Study Design The research design for this study is correlational method According to Salkind 2009 the method of correlational is used to determine the relationship between two or more variable It is to study the two variables without any attempt to influence them Thus this study was related to the knowledge attitudes and practices towards the level of awareness on home self test kit for dengue fever among the population at the resident at female s resident at Rafflesia 2 UiTM Selangor 3 2 



Population According to Salkind 2012 a population can be defined as a group of potential participant to whom the researcher wants to generalize in order to obtain the result that needed in the study The population of the researcher was among the resident in a campus that known that stayed at Rafflesia 1 until 6 have around 3000 students or resident 3 3 Sampling Technique Sampling technique is the process of selecting a represented of the population Convenience sampling was the most suitable sampling technique for this research This is because this study was related to nonprobability sampling strategies Convenience sampling technique can be described as a group of the members of the population that was convenient to become a sample in this study Salkind 2012 In this sampling technique the researcher choose the female residents in college Rafflesia 2 UiTM Selangor that available on the day to answer the questionnaires 3 4 Sampling Frame The sampling frame known as the list of the unit of the population of the study There is no sampling frame for this study because the researcher had used convenient sampling In this study the sampling frame was the list populations who stayed at Rafflesia 2 UiTM Selangor 3 5 Sampling Size For the sampling size all the respondents of the research study focused on the population who are staying at Rafflesia especially in Rafflesia 2 of female resident UiTM Selangor


The larger the sample sizes of the researcher the more representative the sample of population Therefore a huge number of sample size the smaller the sampling error By using the theory of Tabachnick and Fidell 1996 which it is related to sample size requirements This formulae can be shown as N 50 8m where m is the number of independent variables So by key in the number of independent variables the respondents consists of 74 but the researcher has increase the number to 100 respondents 3 6 Unit of Analysis The unit of analysis known as the subject that include in the study which it can be in group or focus to an individual In the research study the subject that has been selected more to an individual that referring to the target who are staying at Rafflesia 2 in UiTM Selangor and focused on their knowledge attitudes and practices towards the level of awareness on dengue home self test kit 3 7 Data Collection Procedure According to Salkind 2012 it was a time efficient of data collection method which the individuals can completely the questionnaires without getting any help or involvement of research which known as self administered questionnaires In this study 100 sets of questionnaires are distributed to the targeted geographical area 3 8 Instrument



The instrument of the study is a standardized questionnaire The items in the questionnaires were directed towards gaining the information of knowledge attitudes and practices of dengue fever towards the level of awareness of home self test kit which has given in Section A until Section E 3 9 Validity of Instrument It is a fact that the validity of an instrument should be examined to ensure the questionnaire is relevant for the respondents to answer before distributing the questionnaire to the respondents to obtain their feedback This was to ensure that the content of the questionnaire was valid and several alternatives would be used to measure the validity of the questionnaire The questionnaire was validated for its content validity by a lecturer from Health Administration HEALS course who have the knowledge in this research method fields to check for error 3 10 Data Analysis The data analysis was collected from the questionnaires would be filled using Statistical Package for Social Sciences SPSS version 21 0 Descriptive statistics were used in analyzing the data and it included mean standard deviation frequencies and percentages


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