Essay Example on Background information about nature and Nurture









Background information about nature and nurture Before this issue can be fully discussed it is necessary to understand what nature and nurture actually are The definition of nature derives from the genetic inheritance or the genetic make up which a person inherits from both parents at the time of conception and carries it throughout life Stephanie Mojica 2017 As Kail and Cavanaugh 2013 said that nature is concerned with traits that are genetically inherited There are many things in an individual which are heredity factors such as sex shade of eyes hair and skin hazards for specific infections tallness and different qualities On the other hand in a 2017 article How do nature and nurture influence human development Stephanie Mojica claims that nurture can be defined as the different environmental factors to which person is subjected from birth to death Obviously environmental elements include a host of dimensions They involve both physical environments and social environments For instance an individual has to suffer from and expose to not just pressure from their friends but also parental ideals or preconception of society 2 2 Heredity dimension depends on environmental factors It is essential to realize that nature as the form of inherited traits does exist but in general an individual s behavior is effected significantly by nurture or upbringing In the past years genetics were able to persuade most psychologist that inherited plays an effective role in influencing intelligence Plomin and Defries 1998 Nevertheless a high degree of heredity does not mean that the environment has no influence on the development of any trait Neisser et al 1995 The heredity characteristics are not always evidently expressed at birth Many physical features are revealed when people go through the process of maturation the term used by T M McDevitt J E Ormrod 

According to his study through the course of development nature elements are just improved completely For example traits such as weight can be inherited but it can also be enhanced by the exterior conditions surrounding environment Another trait is height which is an inherited trait but it has increased in recent generations in the United States Sternberg 1996 According to this study environmental supports such as food reasonably safe and toxin free surroundings and responsive care from others which are necessary for maturation to occur inherited traits never works alone Many recent surveys carried out on infant and children behavior have shown that there is significant evidence to support the fact that environmental factors strongly impact human development especially in the early years In today's world almost all parents encourage their kids to participate in some supplemental activities such as learning music dancing and sports in order to enhance and develop talents or interests of kids Probably those talents have been given by nature however they can only be developed into fluent skills when they have experienced the severe work of environment elements Hence in the article Myths Countermyths and truth about intelligence Sternberg states that intelligence could be partially or even highly heritable and at the same time partially or even modifiable Sternbeg p 14 

Moreover in other words nature s partner is nurture the environmental conditions Nature and nurture are partners also in the transactions between the gene and the variety of internal environments that surround it within the body Greenough 1991 Greenough and Black 1992 Since then it is time to reconsider about both terms of nature and nurture that they are inseparable and complementary to each other Especially it is not nature versus nurture it is rather nature through nurture 2 3 Environmental factors have a more dominant influence on people Undoubtedly nurture plays a really massive role in early human development Nurture in several methods or another encourage individual s competence to learn and study new things There is the common proverb that practice makes perfect Hence a person can pick up knowledge by exercising to adapt to all or any creations in these circumstances or conditions The section that nurture plays in human development has been proved by psychologists in experiments where stepping observe was administered to a cohort of presumption for a few minutes repeatedly during a day It was later that these youngsters were able to walk many days earlier than some infants who had not been stepped exercise Zalazo Zelazo and Kolb 1972 Everyone was born with a detailed set of potential however if not put in the right situation those potentials can never flourish

This will then hinder human development Inherited factors do not guarantee a person progressive process Environments factors on the opposite aspect of the argument shape who someone are how people work together with others and how they behave John Watson who established the Psychological school of Behaviorism emphasized that despite a child s inherent potentials people will be able to be conditioned and trained to become anyone which is not requires a specific a set of experiences Because that development is influenced and stimulated by the atmosphere they live in Obviously it is evident that genetic factors is responsible for manufacturing healthy well developed babies It is also environmental elements that play a pivotal role within early stages of human development Analysis has ended certainly that early human development is faster because environment conditions are formed on the competence provided by inherited Moreover genetic elements is responsible for the conventional development of the craniate into a standard and healthy baby however it cannot entirely develop that craniate into an intelligent knowledgeable or athletic adult This can be potential solely through the exposure that nurture provides someone Thus it would be correct to mention that even though the character has a point of influence nurture powerfully influences early human development

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