Essay Example on Education phases and approaches. Types of education.


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Education is the learning of different customs traditions and languages in which knowledge and skill transferred from one generation to another, through teaching training and research. It helps in developing the personality of an individual so that he, she cannot only improve his life but also the life of others. It also helps them to get a good job so they can compete in the marketplace. To show the importance of education Quaid e Azam said: “Without education, it is complete darkness and with education it is light”. Education is a matter of life and death to our nation. The world is moving so fast that if you do not educate yourselves you will not only be completely left behind but will be finished up 26 September 1947 Karachi. Our education system should be so strong that our children would be able to handle the threats of security and exposure that this new era of technology is posing and the educational system should increase their focus on teaching students lessons of love peace and family.
As time passes education is changing. If we look into history we can see how not only education but also the way of teaching is also improving day by day. First, the teaching method was informal memorization and recitation but now it has advanced to online course researches and internships. Each level of education has its own requirements. Pre-primary, primary elementary, secondary. higher secondary and university have its own cultural economic political religious and social issues. Not only has this but they all had different Philosophy in them PRE PRIMARY SCHOOL. In the pre-primary schools the philosophy that should be used is Perennialism. it helps to develop the ethical behavior and civilization in the students. It teaches moral and religious principles through the subjects of language, mathematics, history, sciences, literature, and religious practices. The teachers should be supportive and friendly. The classroom should be colorful carpeted and should have space for activities. The rooms should be air-conditioned, chairs and tables should be colorful.
Not only should this but there should be multimedia on which they can learn about history, they should be teaching about some important personality like Quid e Azam. Not only this but also about our culture what is our national anthem, dress, language, festivals, etc. Teachers should also teach about the religious festivals like Eid ul Fitar Eid ul Azha and Eid un Nabi, plus school should celebrate Eid by having Eid party. School should be teaching about peace, this concept would not only help students but also the nation in the future. The exams will be on memorization PRIMARY AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS. Both schools need two of the philosophies that are Idealism and Realism. Idealism is the study that makes the students question the wrong things. It makes them think out of the box and ask questions. In idealism, the subjects are mathematics, history, sciences, and philosophy.
However, realism is all about the sensory learning of students. Students will get to know how to use five senses to accomplish their goals. Teachers should teach about religious and culture. Students will get to know how to socialize with each other. This can be done by having a group activity competition. There should be a uniform in this level of education and rules should be there. As this stage students are growing and need to be in control. Exams and quizzes conducted to examine the progress of students in SECONDARY SCHOOL. In secondary school the philosophy that can be used is Realism. It teaches how to use senses in work and how to achieve goals through it. Subjects that are included are sciences, sociology, economics, history, etc. Teachers should not only give lectures but also should use discussion demonstrations and labs while teaching to students. Due to this students become attentive and when a person is attentive, then the work is done perfectly. The uniform should also be part of this school as it shows unity. Social cultural-religious expects are the same as the primary schools. Exams and quizzes conducted to examine the progress of students.
HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL. Pragmatism is the philosophy used in the higher secondary schools. This philosophy will prepare the students how to interact outside their safe zone and how can they become good members of society. Not only will this but also learn how to solve problems. The teachers will use practical and demonstration methods of teaching like project case studies and models. Exams conducted on practical assessments and labs needed for a practical demonstration. Teamwork needed in the classes. The rest would be the same as secondary school ie social, religious, cultural influences on the students. UNIVERSITIES UNDERGRADUATE POSTGRADUATE. Critical Theory is the best philosophy that should be used in universities. It makes students to question the authority and giving freedom of choice. This will help a lot in the marketplace students can identify wrong and right and can choose their choice of job or subject in the university. Through this philosophy, students will have a sense of responsibility of their lives on their own shoulders. They will have freedom of dress and subjects. Teachers will teach through questioning demonstration and from practical work in their respected fields. Even with these freedoms but there should be rules and regulations to keep them on track. The religious social and cultural aspects can influence these rules. Few things that should be in mind when opening any educational institutes that is teachers. Teachers should be experts in what they are teaching and the system should keep motivating them so they will not lose interest like an increase in their income or give some incentives. The other important thing is building. The building should only be used for educational purpose Institutes should not be near any commercial or industrial place, it should be a quiet place and easy access to everyone. In the building there should be a nurse room, praying area and gymnasium. Properly ventilated and painted classes for every stage of education. There should be more than one emergency exit in the building and a full outdoor court for sports. Every building should have working fire fighting equipment.

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