Essay Example on Environmental issues which is rising day by Day

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REASONS FOR CHOOSING THIS TOPIC I have taken this topic as I had interest regarding the environmental issues which is rising day by day As for other topics based on environmental issues like deforestation environmental degradation different types of pollution and other Environmental hazards we have learned about it in the past many years but for me the topic OVERFISHING was a topic which I had to learn from scratch and which I had no enough knowledge about it Also in the recent times overfishing was a major threat in Korea and the government has also initiated some of the provisions which strengthen the rules and regulations of overfishing and was focused on the increase in the depletion of resources in the sea In the year 2017 Korea had frequently informing the crowd regarding overfishing in Korea s Sea by the Chinese fishing vessel through news channels and social media Thus increasing awareness about the dangers that will arise in the markets in Korea and also dangers to the environment Thus this gave an idea and motivation to study this topic and research about the topic Also as GATT and WTO being a treaty and organization which is signed by many other countries including 



Korea I was curious about what they provide the countries with regards to the environmental issues and conflicts that might arise in the world about the environmental problems I also wanted to know what specifically they have in relation to overfishing as overfishing as a topic is not very volatile and is not pretty much known or given interest by the population around the world INTRODUCTION Overfishing is an act of overexploiting the fish stocks where their level reduces to below the acceptable level Overfishing occurs when the population of fishes caught is more than that of population which can replace the population through natural reproduction Overfishing if continued can occur ponds rivers lakes or oceans or in any type of waterbodies to result in the resource depletion in these water bodies The overfishing of sharks has led to turning of the ecosystem and has upset the entire marine system at large Overfishing is a major threat to the ecosystem as if one of the change is seen in the species it can result in a large shift in the ecosystem And now the problem is not only recovering the fishery levels and protecting the fish stock but there arises a problem of whether the ecosystem condition is suitable for this recovery Many of the researcher state that overfishing das been seen in the pre industrial times in Atlantic Ocean from the earlier days of European colonization of America They also state that overfishing has greatly affected many fish stock around the world and states that almost 85 of fisheries may have been exploited already or depleted fully exploited or it is in recovery status GATT or WTO with Overfishing In the year 1991 as there were disputes between the United States and Mexico on the basis of tuna dolphin case

This case was regarding the ban by the U S on imports from Mexico of tuna as Mexico was violating the GATT rules This ban was imposed as Mexican tuna was tremendously killing the dolphins during the harvesting season of tune and this number crossed the permitted figure stated under the U S Marine Mammal Protection Act Thus GATT dispute resolution panel has made import limitation which are based in the fishing practices In WTO countries so called Friends of Fish which include countries like Argentina Australia Chile Colombia New Zealand Norway Iceland Pakistan Peru and United States state that the subsidies to fishery sector have increased overfishing This provision has been made in the year 2005 where there was a broad agreement strengthening prohibition of certain fisheries subsidy which contribute to overfishing Also countries like Japan Korea China Taipei have agreed that link between subsidies and overfishing is related The proposed new discipline in fishery subsidy in 2007 which will include subsidy for construction of new fishing vessel and operating cost of fishing LITERATURE REVIEW The world and the fishermen is having plenty of worries while they are on the sea Not only the storms that might flip off the ship not the pirates increasing concern is on the diminishing amount of fishes caught in the oceans and seas Many researchers mentioned that in the middle of the century in not more than 50 years from the year 2008 the fishermen will eventually face seas and oceans with no fish available and there will be no fishes to catch on But over the past three decades it has been seen that there has been a large increase in demand of seafood and trends on the trade of fish exports have drastically gone up Tuna and cod is being the major demand in the markets all over the world Not only the fish farms the shrimp farms are also facing the problem and both of them are going under a shortfall KherUmesh 2006 The research states that this kind of depletion is due to overfishing that is mostly prone due to small fisheries which cater to almost 80 of the global catch of the fishes This is because these fishermen are unregulated and they are very small in scale This states that the world s ocean is getting more overfished than that of the amount we have thought of But there can be some solution to this problem by managing these small fisheries this ocean s capacity can be rebuilt fast and quickly WalshBryan 2012


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