Essay Example on Extent to which a person has accomplished specific Goals








Background to the study Academic achievement represents performance outcomes that indicate the extent to which a person has accomplished specific goals that were the focus of activities in instructional environments specifically in school college and university School systems mostly define cognitive goals that either apply across multiple subject areas e g critical thinking or include the acquisition of knowledge and understanding in a specific intellectual domain e g numeracy literacy science history Spinath Birgit 2012 According to Hattie 2009 academic achievement should be considered to be a multifaceted construct that comprises different domains of learning because the field of academic achievement is very wide ranging and covers a broad variety of educational outcomes the definition of academic achievement depends on the indicators used to measure it

Among the many criteria that indicate academic achievement there are very general indicators such as procedural and declarative knowledge acquired in an educational system more curricular based criteria such as grades or performance on an educational achievement test and cumulative indicators of academic achievement such as educational degrees and certificates Spinath Birgit 2012 All criteria have in common that they represent intellectual endeavors and thus more or less mirror the intellectual capacity of a person Hattie 2009 In Tanzania for example NECTA uses grades to measure academic achievement of a student 1 2 High Performance Organization HPO Framework The High Performance Organization HPO Framework is a conceptual scientifically validated structure that managers can use for deciding what to focus on in order to improve organizational performance and make it sustainable

The HPO Framework is not a set of instructions or a recipe that can be followed blindly Rather it is a framework that has to be translated by managers to their specific organizational situation in their current time by designing a specific variant of the framework for their organization cited from HPO center The HPO Framework consists of five factors of high performance organizations In his work de Waal 2008 state that Quality of Management means managers on all levels of the organization maintain trust relationships with employees by valuing their loyalty treating smart people with respect creating and maintaining individual relationships with employees encouraging belief and trust in others and treating people fairly Openness and Action Orientation In addition to having an Openness and Action Orientation culture an HPO uses the organization s openness to achieve results In an HPO management values the opinion of employees by frequently having dialogues with them and involving them in all important business and organizational processes HPO management allows experiments and mistakes by permitting employees to take risks being prepared to take risks themselves and seeing mistakes as an opportunity to learn de Waal 2008 Long Term Commitment 

In an HPO long term gain is far more important than short term profit This long term orientation is extended to all stakeholders of the organization that is shareholders as well as employees suppliers clients and society at large An HPO continuously strives to enhance customer value creation by learning what customers want understanding their values building excellent relationships and having direct contact with them involving them in the organization s affairs being responsive to them and focusing on continuously enhancing customer value An HPO maintains good long term relationships with all stakeholders by networking broadly taking an interest in and giving back to society and creating mutual beneficial opportunities and win win relationships de Waal 2008 Continuous Improvement The process of continuous improvement and renewal starts with an HPO adopting a unique strategy that will set the company apart by developing many new alternatives to compensate for dying strategies

After that an HPO will do everything in its power to fulfill this unique strategy It continuously simplifies improves and aligns all its processes to improve its ability to respond to events efficiently and effectively and to eliminate unnecessary procedures work and information overload De Waal 2008 Quality of Workforce An HPO makes sure it assembles a diverse and complementary workforce and recruits people with maximum flexibility to help detect problems in business processes and to incite creativity in solving them An HPO continuously works on the development of its workforce by training staff to be both resilient and flexible letting them learn from others by going into partnerships with suppliers and customers inspiring them to improve their skills so they can accomplish extraordinary results and holding them responsible for their performances and with that encouraging them to be creative in looking for new productive ways to achieve the desired results De Waal 2008 The Nation Examinations Council of Tanzania is the one responsible and authorised to provide examinations to primary secondary and some level of colleges It has set grade ranges A B C D E for ordinary level and A B C D E and S for advanced secondary students as well as Divisions I II III IV and 0 For ordinary level students are required to have three credits that is three Cs to qualify to advance level The criteria set by NECTA are the ones followed by all schools in Tanazania Additionally the catholic schools and others have set their own grades which are apart from the ones given by NECTA so that they can motivate teachers and students to aim higher According to NECTA a student who has got division I II III or IV has passed the exam Unfortunately the one got III or IV has low achievement The focus and determination in the study is to explore and reveal the secret of getting division I or II which is higher achievement

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