Essay Example on Façade is considered as one of the most important aspects









Façade is considered as one of the most important aspects of a design attitude in architecture The term façade is defined as the exterior wall or skin of a building Across the world a majority of modern architecture has a variety of shapes the building envelopes also have different functionality for instance the building envelope can be used to manage the climatic issues between different environment There are several theorists and researchers had the idea of using the nature as an inspiration to explored the building envelopes also it can be resolved the matters between the environment and the inhabitants in terms of sustainability energy efficiency and eco friendly The word Biomimicry which is defined as the design inspired by nature The Biomimicry Institute defines the term biomimicry as the emulation of the science and art by using the ideas of nature solving human problems Pawlyn outlines the idea that nature has resolved numerous of problems of the environment and the inhabitants which as a result of over 3 8 billion years of evolution In addition he also states that biomimicry can be influenced and solved architectural predicaments

Other researcher Baumeister is also agreed with Pawlyn s points of view and states that by analysing specific biological example it could possible to begin with developing a true synchronisation between human and nature Moreover Badarnah believes that the façade has a capacity to adapt the environments tend to improve the sustainability and energy efficiency A group of researchers concur with Badarnah s thinking and presented that biology and architecture can be developed as an innovation façade design solution Nevertheless the Biomimicry Institute founder Benyus maintains that nature as model measure and mentor The aim of this essay is by studying the design and construction materials of biomimicry architectural precedent to explore the benefit of the innovation of the building envelopes Lastly the colleges and model will address the idea of bio-architecture by using nature to inspired design The link between collages model and this essay is to present the idea of possible transformation by studying and learning from nature because nature made up of structures without affect the Earth Figure 1 Grimshaw Architects Eden Project in Cornwall England 

Influenced by biomimicry ideas such as plants and soap bubbles The Eden Project can be an example to address Badarnah s ideas Eden Project was designed as a massive greenhouse by Grimshaw Architects which is located in Cornwall England The building form was originally influenced by the soap bubbles Pawlyn who worked with Grimshaw states that through the exploration of the nature recourse in terms of pollen grains radiolaria and carbon molecules they discovered the way to create the envelope structure in an efficient structural solution by using hexagons and pentagons The finalised building envelope had been designed as a dome shaped with hexagons and pentagons structure which is used to construct the main building In addition the main building is separated into two climate zones which is the Rainforest Biome and the Mediterranean Biome both domes are connected by the Link building which is located in the middle Figure 2 Each hexagon shaped window has three layers of ETFE Each biome is required a high level of sunlight transmission thus the design team had considered the construction materials which need to be transparent and lightweight Pawlyn has mentioned that they had avoided using glass due to the limitations of sizes weight cost and potential hazard Instead of using glass as the envelopes 

Grimshaw describes that the design team had considered the pressurised membranes from the nature to develop an efficient structure thus they had decided to use ETFE as a cladding which is a polymer that provided high strength and transparency Grimshaw outlined that ETFE is a lightweight material which can be lifted by one man In comparison to a glass and steel structure it uses around 1 of the volume of material therefore the final weight of the buildings less than the weight of the air inside the building Moreover ETFE is considered as an environmental friendly material this is because it can easily make a replacement also it allows to recycle compared to the PVC Jones summarises that ETFE is not only economical but it is also environmentally efficiency and eco friendly Figure 3 Solar panels are placed in a spiral form on the roof of the Core building The biomimicry is also applied to design the Core building Refer to Grimshaw Architects Brewis claims that the design based on the Fibonacci sequence the structure and form of the Core building was inspired by the spiral on pinecone pineapple succulent plant and sunflower Moreover Grimshaw Architect outlined that the purpose of the Core building needs to be minimised wastage energy efficient and sustainably sourced materials The structure of the building is constructed by double curved glued laminated timber Eden Project states that the envelope is made of copper with solar photovoltaic panels placed on top of the roof this is a maximise the efficiency of solar cells which is inspired by a leaf as a result there are 20 000 kwh energy produced per year Croxford reviews that solar economy is not only achieved the aim of energy efficient and also produce a linear to closed loop therefore it introduces the future proof in the whole

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