Essay Example on Fossil Fuels have been the primary source of Energy

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Fossil Fuels have been the primary source of energy in the Philippines It is already common that fossil fuels are used mostly in progressing countries due to the fact it is widely available GEMCO Energy NASA 2008 stated Over the last century the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil has increased the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide CO2 The amount of carbon dioxide we have released in our atmosphere for the past century has been slowly destroying our ozone layer and has resulted to dramatic changes in our environment It is not a doubt in that for the past years we have been seeking alternative sources of energy that can replace the current demand of fossil fuels Chidumayo Gumbo 2012 explicated that in tropical regions of the world charcoal production is often regarded to bring cataclysmic effects in an ecological and environmental context These charcoal related impacts caught the attention of governments public forestry institutions and non government organizations Deforestation i e the eradication of forest or woodland is the most commonly exemplified impact brought by charcoal production Moreover the consumption of charcoal also entails land degradation and maximizes climate change Despite being detrimental to the environment charcoal remains as the dominant tool in food preparation and a source for heat energy in most households and fast food chains that adapts to authentic manner of cooking both in urban and rural populations Kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas LPG are some of the fuels that are essential as well in food preparation and heat energy but due to its high cost the spectrum contrasts more to the advantage of using charcoal which is more affordable and cost effective compared to the aforementioned energy sources 



If a continued reliance on charcoal is suggested there is an even greater need to evaluate and address the environmental and social issues associated with this highly influential and largely informal industry Jones 2015 Biomass briquettes as Renewable Energy Mentioned by Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools 2015 briquettes provide an eco friendly alternative to fossil fuels It is made from organic wastes such as agricultural and wood wastes which do not produce any greenhouse gases and this can greatly reduce Carbon Dioxide CO2 emission and help provide better air Furthermore briquettes do not emit any harmful gases or smoke that can affect our health and our environment when it combusts Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools 2015 Briquettes are also flammable materials formed from the compression or densification of matter into solid form to be used as fuel Coal briquettes and biomass briquettes are some of the general forms of briquettes Biomass briquettes originate from mostly agricultural residues including charcoal briquettes

 By converting the agricultural residues to briquettes a number of advantages can be derived These advantages include raw material for making briquettes are sourced from materials that would have been chunked and as such it converts waste to energy Urgel 2011 Aside from the capability of biomass briquettes to convert waste into a source of energy biomass briquettes does not have high content of sulfur like the usual charcoal does hence it allows the promotion of a cleaner environment and aids in the reduction of pollution A study conducted by Sharma Priyank et al 2015 illustrated that briquettes have much lower ash content 2 10 as compared to 20 40 in coal and that its combustion is more uniform compared to coal Fruit peels as Biomass briquettes Most researches study bananas due to its abundance and its flexibility in production That even if the bananas are spoilt and rejected its peels can still be used as biomass The banana waste and residue are highly biodegradable because of their rich organic matter and high moisture content

However such high moisture content might cause instability of the biomass material because it biodegrades easily with the action of microbes This can cause problems with dry matter loss and hygiene due to the release of the pungent odor and fungi production Van Loo Koppejan 2008 On the other hand as stated by Mohamad et al 2012 watermelon peels contain large amount of water with promising levels of solid matters which further makes them worthwhile to be considered for industrial production of high quality activated carbon This then establishes the idea that watermelons do not decay as easily as bananas In addition watermelons are able to demonstrate longevity despite having less biomass in comparison to bananas Thus the feasibility of watermelon rinds converted as charcoal briquettes is resemblant as that of banana peels In brief the previous paragraphs has explicated that studies have been conducted to combat the existing environmental problems the world is currently facing namely the heightened emission of green house gases and pollution due to the dominant use of charcoal and the magnified amount of organic waste With the aid of biomass briquettes the feasibility for organic waste to be converted into an alternative source of energy is possible through transposing watermelon rinds into watermelon biomass briquettes This then perpetuates the example of reducing the use of charcoal which further minimizes the environmental concerns the world is trying to address as well as promoting a cleaner safer and an optimum environment for people to live in



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