Essay Example on In my paper, I will be discussing four disorders involving the Nervous System








Hello class in my paper I will be discussing four disorders involving the nervous system These orders are called Respiratory Acidosis Respiratory Alkalosis Metabolic Alkalosis and Metabolic Acidosis Respiratory Acidosis is a condition when the lungs can t function enough to remove carbon dioxide that lead to acidic bodily fluids in the blood Respiratory acidosis is abnormally high Pc02 in system arterial blood over 45mmhg When Ph levels drop below 7 35 then that is when the acidosis condition is determined There are two conditions of respiratory acidosis called acute respiratory and chronic respiratory acidosis Acute respiratory acidosis develops when the lungs loses function Chronic respiratory happens when ventilation decreases along with the increase concentration of carbon dioxide those results in low levels of ph in the blood Respiratory acidosis can be caused by lung diseases like asthma bronchitis and pneumonia Airways that are blocked vomiting can lead to respiratory acidosis Kidneys compensate for chronic respiratory disorders by either holding on to or dumping bicarbonate Also Ph drops by 0 08 units and HC03 increases by 1 mEq L per 10mmHg increase in PAC02 Respiratory alkalosis is a condition where the balance of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the blood is decreased the disturbance in acid and base balance due to alveolar hyperventilation

Metabolic acidosis systemic arterial blood HC03 level drops below 22 mEql liter causing the pH level to decrease Occurrence of respiratory alkalosis happens when you breathe too fast or too deep and carbon dioxide levels drop too low then causes the pH in the blood to rise and become too alkaline Ph increases by 0 8 units and HCO3 decreases by 2mEq L per 10 mmHg decrease in PaCo2 When the blood becomes too acidic is when respiratory acidosis occurs The main causes of respiratory alkalosis are panic attacks and anxiety but there are several factors such as drug use fever infections and even pregnancy There are two mechanisms pertaining to respiratory alkalosis rapid cell buffering and a decrease in net renal acid excretion Respiratory alkalosis is not a condition that s life threatening Levels of pH should not be 7 5 or greater Hyperventilation is the main cause of this condition One common alternate treatment is a method of breathing into a paper bag several times during normal stages This method gives the body the amount of carbon dioxide that is required and brings back oxygen levels where they need to be Dizziness bloating confusion feeling lightheaded and dry mouth are all signs of respiratory alkalosis 

Metabolic Acidosis is a condition where there is too much acid in the body fluids Metabolic Acidosis occurs when the body produces too much acid Also it can occur when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body There are three forms of metabolic acidosis such as diabetic acidosis that only occurs if your body lacks insulin hyperchloremic acidosis that results from the loss of sodium bicarbonate lactic acidosis that occurs when there are too much lactic acid in your body and renal tubular acidosis that happens when the kidneys are unable to excrete acids into the urine Metabolic acidosis respiration will blow off C02 causing the amount of acid in the blood to decrease Central chemoreceptor becomes set off by low pH levels that increase the amount of breathing Stimulation of the chemoreceptor s core weakens the hypoventilation required to fully correct the Ph Even though hyperventilation is the only way to retain acid Normally metabolic acidosis is leveled at 1 1 3 mm HG for every 1 mEq L in serum HC03 concentration If the level does not maintain itself at normal level it becomes a mixed acid base Causes for metabolic acidosis includes cancer and liver failure dehydration some drugs such as aspirin and kidney disease Like many acidosis metabolic doctors may give you baking soda to raise your pH balance

Metabolic Alkalosis is a metabolic condition in which the pH of tissue is elevated beyond normal range which is 7 35 7 45 This then becomes the result of decreased hydrogen ion concentration leading to increased bicarbonate or a direct result of increased bicarbonate concentrations In some cases there could possibly be little or no compensation In chronic metabolic alkalosis the PaCO2 should increase by 5 mmHg for every 10 mEq L Metabolic alkalosis is often caused by lack of oxygen high fevers in a range of high altitudes hyperventilation liver disease and lung disease Symptoms and signs of metabolic alkalosis include severe headaches lethargy and tetany Treatments may include saline Patients with a severe case of metabolic alkalosis require urgent correction of blood pH also hemofiltration or hemodialysis is an option James L Lewis 2016 With metabolic acidosis respiration will increase to blow C02 decreasing the amount of acid in the blood then the respiration system can only help retain CO2 to no greater than 50 55 mm Hg to compensate for metabolic alkalosis Under normal conditions the elderly are able to maintain water and electrolytes Elderly people are more at risk of acidosis because of the high incidence of pulmonary disorders especially IN Pneumonia cases The elderly have a lower percentage of fluids in tissues primarily due to loss of muscle mass Old age decreases in respiratory and renal functioning may compromise acid base balance by slowing the exhalation of CO2 and the excretion of excess acids in urine

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