Another person who was influenced by the reformation of Martin Luther was Huldrych Zwingli the vicar at the cathedral in Zurich in 1500 While he had heard about the 95 theses wrote by Luther they met and discovered that they have an agreement on using of doctrine After Zwingli died in a battle between Catholics and Protestant John Calvin a French Protestant succeeded his work in Switzerland Besides he maintained most od the ideas of Luther which believed in faith and bible rather than the pope Calvin further emphasized the belief of Predestination He said By predestination we mean the eternal decree of God by which he determined with himself whatever he wished to happen with regard to every man All are not created on equal terms but some are preordained to eternal life others to eternal damnation and accordingly as each has been created for one or other of these ends we say that he has been predestined to life or to death We say then that Scripture clearly proves this much that God by his eternal and immutable counsel determined once for all those whom it was his pleasure one day to admit to salvation and those whom on the other hand it was his pleasure to doom to destruction We maintain that this counsel as regards the elect is founded on his free mercy without any respect to human worth while those whom he dooms to destruction are excluded from access to life by a just and blameless but at the same time incomprehensible judgment Institutes III 21 5 7 Beveridge translation
The God with his grace had appointed some people s destiny into salvation before the world had created which was called unconditional election While rest of the people will receive eternal damnation in the hell by their original sins The Belgic Confession confirmed that God delivers and preserves from perdition all whom he in his eternal and unchangeable council of mere goodness hath elected in Christ Jesus our Lord without respect to their works Belgic Confession Article XVI Those the elect were expected to live with high moral standards and Calvin thought they could never lose their salvation and would know they were saved because of their actions The sinners are barred from access to salvation and destined for everlasting punishments whereby god in charged of exercises over the world and all the things are dependent upon him for existence and meaning The conservative parts in Calvinism were reflecting by which the predestination decision is made by God's will but not upon people's own decisions and effort For developing Calvinism into a powerful church Calvin defined their official doctrine called institutes of the Christian Religion and became the regulated statement of the Reformed faith John Calvin said In order that my Readers may be the better able to profit by the present work I am desirous briefly to point out the advantage which they may derive from it For by so doing I will show them the end at which they ought to aim and to which they ought to give their attention in reading it Although the Holy Scriptures contain a perfect doctrine to which nothing can be added our Lord having been pleased therein to unfold the infinite treasures of his wisdom still every person not intimately acquainted with them stands in need of some guidance and direction as to what he ought to look for in them that he may not wander up and down but pursue a certain path and so attain the end to which the Holy Spirit invites him John Calvin Translation by Henry Beveridge 1845 This doctrine provided a direction and answer for the followers in all major study of religion Further Calvin conservatively standardized the daily life of his followers and citizen of Geneva into smallest detail Laws forbidden dancing gambling fine clothes and drinking because he believed that Satan would fostered human pleasures
Therefore people who breaking the laws would facing severe punishment Although Calvinism has a place in the development of protestants thought it also sharing many conservative aspects with Lutheranism During the spreading of Protestantism many new religious group known as sects arose in Germany and Switzerland in 1520 They were formed by few people with a preacher as their leader and usually did not have an organized rule and authority Later most of the sects died out in the history one of the notable sect call Anabaptists remained as the ancestor of modern Baptists Anabaptists required people who received baptism should be able to make their own confessions of faith and so rejected baptism of infants Ye Anabaptists be proud contemners of the free grace of God offered to man in Christ Jesus For with the Pelagians and Papists ye are become teachers of free will and defenders of your own righteousness John Knox They thought that infants are not punishable for sin until they become aware of good and evil and can exercise their own free will and accept baptism They considered the public confession of sin and faith sealed by adult baptism was the only proper baptism We defend a book at the expense of a person We defend words at the expense of a message Weaver of Nappanee They often identified their suffering with the martyrs from the first three Christian centuries Confidently believed in that they were living at the end of time and expected the return of Jesus Christ Like most of the conservative Protestant Reformers Anabaptists was also determined to restore the institutions and spirit of Christianity in its primitive form
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