UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE FAISALABAD SUB CAMPUS TOBA TEK SINGH. Synopsis Title Detection of Antibiotic Residues in commercial Poultry Eggs. Abstract. Poultry nutrition or inappropriate antibiotic treatments can produce eggs with antibiotic residues The objective of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of drug residues in eggs presented at Toba Tek Singh in Pakistan. To this end, 120 eggs with an average weight of 50-60 grams were collected at random from supermarkets and commercial farms in Toba, Pakistan. These egg samples were stored at 4C until the time of analysis and then antibiotic residues were analyzed using the High-Performance liquid chromatography HPLC method. The study revealed the presence of antibiotic residues in poultry eggs due to the indiscriminate use of layered antibiotics without observing the withdrawal period of this drug. INTRODUCTION. Since eggs are consumed by almost all individuals the deposition of drug residues in various egg components is a considerable concern. After administration, the antibiotics are absorbed in the intestine of the chicken and transported through the body through the blood plasma where they reach. The ovaries follicles and oviducts responsible for the formation and secretion of egg content, therefore, increase the risk of deposition of drug residues in the yolk and albumin Khattab et al 2010 kan CA et al 2000 deposit more rapidly in both the yolk and the albumin Goetting V et al 2011 Alm El Dein et al 2010.
Effect of different types of domestic detergents on Membrane Permeability of Beta vulgaris Cells Research question. To investigate how the effect of different types of domestic detergents has on membrane permeability of hands skin cells using the similarity of effect on Beta vulgaris cells. Hypothesis. By exposing a cell membrane to a detergent it will increase permeability. Stronger is the detergent more permeable will be the membrane it will destroy the cell membrane. By similarity, the permeability of the Beta vulgaris cell membrane is disrupted causing the red pigment to leak out by diffusion. If the detergent damage the beet cell membrane there will be a higher percentage of pigment leakage and so it has less transmission percentage transmission of light than distilled water. Type of variables. Representing variables in this experiment. Dependent variable. Color of the detergent change. Independent variable. Constituents of detergent and kinds of detergent. Control variable. Temperature of detergent used and the surrounding. The volume of detergent used. Time for the reaction Probe calibration the same probe between measurements to ensure that the measurements are all consistent Background information. Cells have a selectively permeable membrane that allows selective substances to penetrate into the cell.
Introduction. I will explain the advantages as well as the disadvantages of quantitative and qualitative research methods for researching intimacy. I will mention the influence of integrating both approaches through the two cases below. The Kinsey survey in which the purpose was to perform a sampling technique that involved over 18000 interviews which were recorded as the entire representative of the US society. Lastly, I will discuss the second case of The National Survey of Sexual Attitudes Lifestyles called also the Natsal study team which was set up in the UK in 1990 as the consequence of the outbreak of HIV, AIDs. The Advantages of Quantitative Qualitative methods. The Kinsey survey conducted which was on a large scale mostly as there included over 18000 interviews. The statistic which was extracted from the questioning revealed in two of the Kinsey's publications. Kinsey et al 1948 which it provides a representation of US society. The benefit of this outcome was the discovery that will utilize a possibly sampling method but the Kinsey study revealed that the survey was done in a manner that derived the sampling method from his previous work. Kinsey's sampling was considered even as infancy in the late '30s but was enhanced over time. The Kinsey surveys win their reputation through his position on academic work on the North American gall wasps. These were carrying on as the result of his study by taking different samples from a distinct area from Canada to Mexico Gathorne Hardy J 2005. It is an acceptance to admit that Kinsey applied his research on the benefit by proposing volunteers were surveyed by who Kinsey looked as sought out as well who sought him out. The Kinsey distinction view was and thriving were the evident disparity was the Natsal selected for as well as a wholly balanced questionnaire Wellings et al 1994.
The Effects of Social Media Addiction on People. Orhun Tirben Çankaya University. Abstract. Technological advancements have altogether changed the way we live and have turned into an indistinguishable some portion of our lives. Many individuals particularly the young utilize these advancements every day and for different purposes. Individuals utilize PCs to contemplate, to scan for data on the web, to play video games and to speak with others. This study will show how technology affects people. It will show three different perspectives of social media addiction. In order to collect information interaction analysis will be used. The goal will be finding the reasons for social media addiction and how to decrease it. These days addiction does not just allude to medication or substance mishandles, in any case, it likewise alludes to betting web recreations or even cell phones.
Chapter 1. Introduction to Educational research. Research is a systematic process of collecting, analyzing and interpreting information in order to increase our understanding of a phenomenon about which we are interested or concerned. Research must start with a question or problem. It requires a clear articulation of a goal. Research requires a specific plan for proceeding. Research usually divides the principal problem into manageable subproblems. The scientific method. The scientific method targets to describe, explain, predict and or control phenomena. The scientific method is a systematic process of recognition and definition of a problem formulation of hypothesis collection and analysis of data and statement of conclusions regarding confirmation or disconfirmation of hypothesis. Limitations of Scientific Method. There are a few limitations of the scientific method. An inability to answer some types of questions, B Inability to capture the full richness of the research site, C Complexity of the participants, D Limitation of measuring instruments, E The need to address participants' needs in ethical and responsible ways.