Essay Example on Table 2 Supply and Demand of Green and Dry Fodder Figures

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Table 2 Supply and Demand of Green and Dry Fodder Figures in million tonnes Year Supply Demand Deficit as of Demand Green Dry Green Dry Green Dry 1995 379 3 421 947 526 59 95 19 95 2000 384 5 428 988 549 61 10 21 93 2005 389 9 443 1025 569 61 96 22 08 2010 395 2 451 1061 589 62 76 23 46 2015 400 6 466 1097 609 63 50 23 56 2020 405 9 473 1134 630 64 21 24 81 2025 411 3 488 1170 650 64 87 24 92 2030 416 7 503 4 1207 1 670 6 65 45 24 90 Source Vision 2030 2011 Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute Jhansi UP The concentrates are measured in terms of CP DCP Crude protein Digestible Crude Protein and TDN Total Digestible Nutrients IGFRI Jhansi estimated the requirement and availability and till 2030 Requirement and availability can be seen in Table 3 Table 3 Availability Requirement Deficit of Crude Protein CP Total Digestible Nutrients TDN including CP TDN from concentrates Figures in million tonnes Year Requirement Availability Deficit CP TDN CP TDN CP TDN 2000 44 49 321 29 30 81 242 42 30 75 24 55 2005 46 12 333 11 32 62 253 63 29 27 23 86 2010 47 76 344 93 34 18 262 02 28 44 24 04 2015 49 39 356 73 35 98 273 24 27 15 23 41 2020 51 04 368 61 37 50 281 23 26 52 23 70 2025 52 68 380 49 39 31 292 45 25 38 23 14 2030 54 37 392 70 41 20 304 11 24 22 23 32 Source Vision 2030 2011 Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute Jhansi UP In animal feed supply coarse cereals have a major role and these account for about 17 per cent of the total cereals Table

4 Production of these cereals is hovering around 40 million tonnes Maize accounts for around 55 per cent of the total coarse cereals produced in the India Most of the coarse cereals in the developed countries are mainly used for cattle feed and some of the cereals like barley are used in breweries However in India their use is mainly for direct consumption mostly by poor in the villages Table 4 Production of Coarse Cereals in India 2008 09 to 2014 15 Figures in million tonnes Crops 2008 09 2009 10 2010 11 2011 12 2012 13 2013 14 2014 15 Jowar 7 3 6 7 7 0 6 0 5 3 5 5 5 4 Bajra 8 9 6 5 10 4 10 3 8 7 9 3 9 2 Maize 19 7 16 7 21 7 21 8 22 3 24 3 24 2 Ragi 2 0 1 9 2 2 1 9 1 6 1 9 2 1 Small Millets 0 4 0 4 0 4 0 5 0 4 0 5 0 4 Barley 1 7 1 4 1 7 1 6 1 8 1 8 1 6 Coarse Cereals 40 0 33 6 43 4 42 1 40 1 43 3 42 9 Total Cereals 219 9 203 5 226 3 242 2 238 8 245 8 234 9 Coarse cereals to total cereals 18 2 16 5 19 2 17 4 16 8 17 6 18 3 Maize to total coarse cereals 49 3 49 8 50 1 51 7 55 6 56 1 56 4 Source Directorate of Economics Statistics DARE MoA GOI Concentrates are fed to the livestock as production ration by the livestock owners and is commonly not fed when the livestock is not giving any income

 In concentrates coarse cereals have a major role Maize accounts for around 56 percent of the total coarse cereals produced in the India It is used as livestock as well as poultry feed in large scale Concentrates are made at home by mixing different grains and other ingredients as well as are available in the market There are three sources for concentrates 1 Home mixers 2 Dairy cooperatives and 3 Private sector manufacturers of compound cattle feed Commercial production of cattle feed is about 6 million tonnes and is expected to grow at an average annual rate of 4 per cent for the next three to five years CLFMA 2015 At this growth rate there will still be supply and demand gap Cooperatives have set up feed processing plants with the support of NDDB The feed production from cooperatives is about 2 5 million tonnes per year Table 8 Table 5 Sector wise Compound Feed Production 2010 11 Figures in million tonnes Sector Compound feed production Private Sector 1 2 Co operative Sector 2 5 Unorganized Sector 1 8 Source Livestock Industry Report 2015 CLFMA of India


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