Essay Example on The Constitution of the United States an intellectual Creation








The Constitution of the United States an intellectual creation of some of the greatest leaders of this country in the aftermath of the War of Independence of the colonies has guaranteed the rights and liberties of Americans since it came into force on June 21 1788 The document has also been a source of inspiration for patriots from all latitudes that want to establish a wise and just government The constitution contains the fundamental laws of the nation It establishes the form of national government and defines the rights and freedoms of the American people It also sets out the objectives of the national government and the methods to achieve them Before it the leaders of the nation had entered into an alliance between the states under the Articles of Confederation However the Congress created by the Articles lacked the authority to make the states work together in the resolution of national problems

After gaining independence in the Revolutionary War 1775 1783 the states faced all the problems of a government in times of peace The states had to impose law and order collect taxes pay a large public debt and regulate trade among themselves They also had to deal with indigenous tribes and negotiate with other governments Prominent statesmen such as George Washington and Alexander Hamilton began to speak of the need to create a strong national government under a new constitution Hamilton assisted in the realization of a constitutional convention that met in Philadelphia Pennsylvania in 1787 to review the Articles of Confederation However most convention delegates decided that instead it was preferable to draft a new government plan the Constitution of the United States The Constitution did not institute a simple league of states but a government that exercised its authority directly over all citizens The Constitution defines the powers delegated to the national government In addition it protects the faculties reserved for states and the rights of all individuals The Constitution is composed of a preamble seven articles and twenty seven amendments It establishes a federal system through the division of powers between the national government and state governments The following text from the Constitution expresses reason to the establishment of the U S Constitution

We the 

People of the United States in order to form a more perfect Union establish justice guarantee national tranquility attend to common defense promote general welfare and ensure the benefits of freedom for ourselves and for our Posterity we hereby promulgate and establish this Constitution for the United States of America The first amendment was adopted on December 15 1791 as the first of the ten amendments ratified to the Constitution of the United States of America These ten amendments make up what is now known as the Bill of Rights proposed by the Father of the Constitution James Madison The Bill of Rights was originally proposed as a measure to calm the anti federalist opposition for the ratification of the Constitution Initially the First Amendment only applied to federal laws promulgated by the United States Congress and many of its provisions were interpreted much more restrictive than today Beginning with the Gitlow case against New York in 1925 the Supreme Court began to apply the First Amendment to state laws a process known as incorporation through the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States

The First Amendment reads Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances This amendment encompasses the fundamentals of the American rights such as freedom of speech freedom of religion the right of petition and the right of assembly The First Amendment guarantees freedom of religion in two ways The first being that the government is prohibited from establishing an official church The second way is that U S citizens have the right to choose whatever religion they would like to follow Many people think that the First Amendment has nothing to do with them but actually the First Amendment affects our daily lives The First Amendment ensures individuals the freedom to voice our opinions and criticisms as well as our objections and passions

Because of the First Amendment people are able to have a say at city council meetings pursue media put political signs in their yards display bumper stickers and many more things without the fear of punishment from government officials Our country is built on freedom Freedom of religion is the greatest of them all Thanks to this Amendment all sorts of religious practices have taken root in our country The concept of religious freedom is biblical for several reasons In the first place God himself extends a religious freedom to the people and the Bible has several examples In Matthew 19 16 23 the rich young man approaches Jesus After a brief conversation the young man left sad choosing not to follow Christ The important point here is that Jesus let him go God does not compel anyone to have faith in him Faith is ordered but never by coercion In Matthew 23 37 Jesus manifests his desire to gather the children of Jerusalem to himself although they did not want to If God gives men the freedom to choose or reject it then we should do it Second religious freedom respects the image of God in man Genesis 1 26 Part of the likeness of God is the will of man that is man has the ability to choose God respects our choices that he gives us the freedom to make decisions about our future Genesis 13 8 12 Joshua 24 15 even if we make wrong decisions Again if God allows us to choose we should allow others to choose

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