Essay Example on The Dutch rule of South Africa








The Dutch rule of South Africa was a captivating colonization The reason the Dutch invaded the Cape Colony was to fight over land To further understand this colonisation of the KhoiKhoi tribes tribe s land I am going to be researching about how the two parties felt about this The initial purpose of the settlement was for the Dutch to rest and stock the trading vessels for the long journeys to Europe and Asia They chose to settle in South Africa because they could easily access the Cape of Good Hope as a path to reach their final trading destination The Cape Colony started in 1652 and ended in 1795 The question Do different perspectives help us understand the allocation of land in the Dutch colonisation of the Cape Colony is extremely debatable Multiple sources have proof that the Dutch have done more bad in the Cape Colony Land is an important commodity and one of the most fought for During this rule land was the resource the Dutch and the South Africans fought for The Khoi tribe was most affected by this The KhoiKhoi tribe did not think that land should have ownership whereas the Dutch disagreed The capture of the land lead cultural differences as well During the rule of the Dutch in the Cape Colony the Khoikhoi tribe was made up of most of the a South African population The Khoi tribe grew all their crops on the shore of Table Bay These crops were the only way the Khoi tribes can get any form of nourishment Once the Dutch came in and took over the colony they intruded all the tribes land in 1658 The dutch enslaved hundreds of the tribes and forced the tribe members to build a fort The slavery was one of the main reasons the Khoikhoi tribe disintegrated within a matter of few decades This fort was only used for about 10 years but completely turned the life of the Khoikhoi tribe members upside down

Jan van Riebeeck was the head of trading in the Dutch government during the 17 18th century he was incharge of accomodating resources for the passing VOC ships VOC is an abbreviation of The Dutch East India Company in Dutch Riebeeck made the slaves build a fort on the Khoikhoi tribes land The purpose of this fort was to collect food water and other supplies for the passing Dutch ships The fort was extended into a garden where fruits and vegetables were organically grown In this colonisation there were several settlements One of them was on Table mountain This settlement was a small one which for made for the servants of the VOC As the Khoikhoi tribe started to fall apart and disintegrate multiple outlook posts were added to the once small fort These posts gave the Dutch a major advantage as they could see which ships were going and coming out of the Cape Colony The Dutch were extremely happy with the progress of trade and added several other forts with gardens and outlook posts in different locations They did so until they gradually surrounded the Cape Colony The powerful colonists of the Cape Colony were the employees of the Dutch East India Company They were each responsible for a task which would lead to the healthy functioning of the town Much like a current day government The colonisation of the Cape Colony was one of the most successful ones for the Dutch According to me the Dutch colonisation of the Cape Colony was a rather negative one The different perspectives I had studied helped me make this decision The Dutch completely wiped out a entire tribe which was most of the

African population to build a fort that did not even last a decade Once the Dutch took over the land the Khoikhoi tribe tried to rebel back and this lead to the famous Khoikhoi Dutch war The war killed thousands of innocent people The different perspective helps us to understand the colonisation by showing us the positives and negatives of both sides of the conflict The two perspectives were extremely contrasting The Dutch perspective was highly positive whereas the Dutch was negative The Dutch killed several people just to build a fort and get a advantage for trade The Khoikhoi tribe killed some people but lost everything they and were brutally transformed into slaves In conclusion The Dutch Colonisation of the Cape Colony has done more negative than positive impact The building if the fort killed multiple people in the process the outlook posts gave the Dutch a much higher advantage and increased their trade rate by a ton and the Khoikhoi tribe lost everything they had Hence I feel that current day South Africa would have been the same or even better without the Dutch Colonising the Cape Colony

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