Essay Example on The mining industry in Canada has its effects on its Economy

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Canada produces over 60 of metallic minerals These include gold silver copper zinc lead nickel as well many more As a result the country ranks second worldwide for mineral exports In 2015 alone Canada's mining industry had a value of 42 8 billion Only a year later the value of metallic mining was 23 2 billion Metallic minerals are used to produce beneficial goods that we may use in our everyday lives The production of these goods is what helped Canada's economy grow People make a living off this by starting a business which is supported by the sale of these goods Aluminium for example is utilized to make products like cars utensils and refrigerators Silver is used to making products like batteries and jewelry while copper is used for wiring heating systems and motors Mineral mining also supports the economy as employment is created In 2016 64 749 jobs were created in the metal manufacturing industry 2 examples of jobs in the metallic mining industry would be a geologist and a mining engineer A geologist locates mineral ores and makes decisions on where the best places to mine are A mining engineer determines the methods to extract minerals as well as devise methods to transport the minerals Federal Municipal and provincial governments also get paid royalties by the mining producers The government had been paid a total of 71 billion in royalties between the years of 2003 and 2012 Mining of metallic minerals shows great importance to Canada's economy but how do we exploit these resources

There are many methods to extract metallic mining one being strip mining Strip mining is sometimes referred to as surface mining and is the cheapest method of mining This method is often used when the mineral ore is located close to the surface The process starts when layers of rock sand soil and vegetation are removed from the surface The materials that are being removed are referred to as overburden materials Holes are drilled into rocks that lay above the mineral deposit and are filled with a variety of explosives This process is called blasting In some cases blasting is not needed if the mineral deposit is easy to access The name of strip mining comes from how the process is done in strips Miners remove the top layer of waste and place it on the previous strip This is done continuously until every part of the mined land is reclaimed Valuable minerals such as gold and silver are not retrieved as a result of strip mining but rather oil sands gravel coal and in some cases iron and copper Although Strip mining may seem like a safe and harmless method of mining there are as a matter of fact many negative disadvantages that come with it Strip mining is the most destructive method of mining as it causes the destruction of earth as well causes pollution in water Strip mining removes trees plants vegetation and topsoil As a result soil erosion may occur and agricultural land may be lost The removal of the rich topsoil may make it difficult for any trees to grow 



Strip mining may also cause damage to various landscapes terrestrial wetland habitats as well as wildlife Wildlife specifically living in the water get highly affected when overburden materials pollute the water Another negative impact of strip mining is that it contaminates water bodies Topsoil may be washed away by rain traveling into waterways This may injure organisms that live there as well as kill plants that are located downstream Topsoil may also block numerous water pathways and channels which could result in the flooding of an area If pathways and channels are blocked it would mean water wouldn't be able to pass through to downstream rivers resulting in the drying up In addition to that heavy machinery used in the process of strip mining may create a lot of noise disturbing people who live near the area Though Strip mining may have its negative impacts there are many ways to lessen the damage done There are various ways we can lessen the impact of strip mining on the environment to ensure the long term sustainability of the resource One way could be to develop better reclamation and closure plans Back in the 70's strip mines were often left without being properly shut down or reclaimed

These mines may not be safe as environmental hazards are not addressed Reclamation plans involve studying the area s geology wildlife and water Closure plans include 4 steps Shutting down and decommission this consists of the shutting down of equipment used during the process as well as removal of waste Reclamation and post closure this includes restoring and shaping the land as much as possible Long term maintenance may be given to ensure that nothing else needs to be done Stronger plans can ensure the land is restored as much as possible and leaves less of a negative impact behind Another way we could lessen the impact is to use less of it If we reuse recycled items more often we may be able to reduce the amount of strip mining that is done as well as the number of minerals used up There are many ways to reduce the waste left behind in strip mines that pollute the water We can use cleaner production techniques as well as use waste as raw materials Cleaner production techniques are essential processes in which are used to reduce environmental impacts that mining may cause Techniques include various changes to following factors technology operating methods and waste management


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