Essay Example on The study are meant to explore the use of educational Technology








Abstract The study are meant to explore the use of educational technology at primary school level in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa The main objectives of the study is to investigate the usability importance of educational technology availability and whether primary school teachers are utilize the educational technology tools for teaching learning process For this kind of research two different questionnaires used for the collection of teacher and student data After the processing of collected data the researchers decided that educational technology usefull for teaching learning process at primary school level in pkp Keywords Educational technology Usability Availability of educational technology INTRODUCTION Education means to bring about desirable changes in the behaviour of individual according to the demands of its concerned society Primary level is an important stage in the child's educational life If a teacher make the entire concept clear to a child then in future the student will be able to handle the difficult things easily Suleman 2008

The word technology derived from the Greek language techne or technique which means art Educational technology is the development application and evaluation of system techniques which improve the process of student learning It is more practical less theoretical and fast growing modern discipline Educational technology enabling the child to find manage evaluate and use information retrieved from calculator charts electronic dictionary etc By providing access to a range of information technology resources The children can also discuss his or her findings and share them with others using presentation and authoring software Educational technology provide opportunities for children to learn about the world beyond their classroom and also afford opportunities for children to develop learning skills thinking skills including problem solving and communication skills Educational technology is complicated comprehensive and integrated process which involves many things like people ideas procedures devices and organization design to evaluate problems and it also includes other various processes like devising implementing evaluating and managing solutions to those problems which involve in all aspects of human learning AECT 1977

LITERATURE REVIEW Educational technology is broad subject and it is impossible to cover it as single subject Therefore it is further divided into four classes i e instructional technology teaching technology behavioural technology and instruction design or management technology Sharma Sharma 2006 Instructional technology is the theory and practice of design development utilization management and evaluation of processes and resources for learning Seels Richey 1994 p 1 Teaching technology is a unification of academic systems which is designed to enhance the effective design of teaching learning process to solve the problems which are faced during teaching and learning process and to improve the quality of the information which are presented Isman 2002 Educational activities are those activities which are designed to bring about desirable changes in the behaviour of the students Therefore behavioural technology is broader than educational technology According Smith Ragan 2005 the management technology as the systemic and reflective process of translating principles of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials activities information resources and assessments Characteristics Aims of Educational Technology Educational technology has played a essential and revolutionary role in the education system It has determine and boost the teaching learning process However the major objectives of the educational technology in education are describe below Educational technology is involved in three aspects in education e g input teaching learning process and output Educational researches have no impacts on the existing educational problems because these researches have theoretical nature

Educational technology has played a important role in solving classroom teaching and training problems practically and experimentally The main problem in teaching learning process is to handle individual differences in effective way The educational technology has developed the strategies to ensure the solution of the same problem Educational technology builds up educational theories for teaching and instruction and makes scientific foundation to education Sharma Sharma 2006 pp 57 58 Educational technology make the classroom teaching more effective easily modify the skill of the teacher and the learner Role of Educational Technologies According to Sharma Sharma 2006 p 40 the important role of the educational technology are described as below It analyzes and evaluates the teaching learning process It develops and organizes suitable instructional materials for teaching learning process It prepares teachers in the use of new teaching technology Educational technology have played a vital role in equalizing educational opportunities without taking into consideration the social economic and geographical position of the learners OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY to investigate the availability usability and usefulness of educational technology at primary level to explore whether teachers are trained for the effective use of educational technology at primary level METHODOLOGY It is a servey type research in this research the researcher personally visit the each primary school in khyber pakhtoon khwa and distribute the questionnaire sample by own hands among the teachers and students and provide basic instruction about the filling of questionnaire sample The nature of study is descriptive for this researcher used the statistical tools methods to calculate the data By this way we easily collect the trustfull data Population All the teachers and students at primary level in kpk are the population of this research Sample Only ninteen lack thirtyseven thousands and one hundred nintyseven 1937197 boys girls primary school studens and one lack fourtynine thousand two hundred ninty 149290 of primary schools Male Female teacher data needed for the completion of research Questionnaire Two questionnaires are design for data collection and summarized the data in table for more calculations

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