Essay Example on The study used positive reinforcement and rewards to reinforce the positive behaviour








ABSTRACT The purpose of this individual case study were to decrease the maladaptive behaviour displayed by the participants and have the participants verbalize his feeling before they build up to cause the maladaptive behaviour The study used positive reinforcement and rewards to reinforce the positive behaviour displayed by the participants as well as to deter negative bahavior The participants made vast improvements in expressing their emotions and also showed great improvement in controlling his maladaptive behaviours Implications of diagnosis of ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder are discussed as we as explanation of other studies performed for individuals with this diagnosis Introduction There is a great need for more research on adults who have autism Most of the current and past studies are done on school age children with this disorder and not the growing teenager It appears that after twenty the age most autistic individuals have completed their education there is less of a need for behavioural interventions but that is not the case This study will help individuals with autism and their families to cope with the individual s behavior in a more positive way This study will also help to provide suggestions to other researchers or caregivers in order to help deal will some of the behaviors that accompany this disorder PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The subject that will be the participant in this intervention research study is a sixteen year old Autistic teen who has been unable to verbalize his feelings This frustration manifests in grinding of the teeth and verbal physical outbursts The grinding of the teeth will happen before the outburst Thus it is important to teach the subject how to verbalize his feelings to help control the negative behavior The purpose of the study is to decrease the behaviors that are being displayed It is also important that the subject verbalize his feeling so the behaviors will continue to decline RESEARCH QUESTION HYPOTHESIS With appropriate positive reinforcement the subject will decrease the behaviors of grinding his teeth that lead up to his verbal physical outbursts The subject will instead verbalize his feelings to avoid the negative outburst OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS Autism It is a complex developmental disability that causes problems with social interaction as well as communication deficits

The symptoms of this disorder usually start before the age of three and are known to cause delays or problems in many different skills that develop throughout their lives It is more common in males than females and there is no definitive cure for the disorder Autism Spectrum Disorders 2010 Autistic Spectrum Disorder ASD The disorder is often defined as a spectrum disorder due to the fact that different individuals with autism can have very different symptoms The symptoms can vary from mild to serve but they are all part of the same disorder Autism Spectrum Disorders 2010 Positive Reinforcement Occurs when a reward is given for a desired behavior which will overtime increase the positive behavior Fritscher 2009 I will discuss other studies that have been conducted in the field of autism as well as in behavioral interventions This research will be reviewed for its relevance pertaining to this study It will help to show the gaps in the current research and the need for this single case intervention study to be done Literature Autism is also a developmental disability which means that it causes pronounced symptoms that can affect the individual s life in the long term Individuals who have been diagnosed with this disorder have pronounced impairments in social and language communication areas as well as ritualistic and sometimes challenging behaviors Wolery 2005

They often are unable to make friends or have meaningful relationship because they don t possess skill to hold a conversation in an appropriate manner They also typically engage in behaviors that are not looked upon as socially acceptable by their peers which makes it more difficult for them to find a place in their society Marohn 2002 This chapter will be explaining the different approaches to treating individuals with Autism and there effects on the individuals life Approximately 1 in every 100 children are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder Dillenburger 2009 which makes it important to understand the most effective treatments for these individuals so they can be properly educated in both school life as well as social life Children with this disorder that are diagnosed early and set on a structured program can be expected to make significant progress Simpson 2001 ABA Applied Behavior Analysis is the most widely used intervention for autistic individuals by far It offers an empirical basis for diagnosis assessment and instruction for individuals with autism Wolfe 2005 ABA also is the only treatment that is endorsed by the United States Surgeon General and it is defined as science used to improve behavior AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIORS Their interaction is of great importance but the aggressive behaviors that are co morbid with autism are also a large factor in daily life Individuals with autism often exhibit maladaptive behaviors and these behaviors can cause great problems in the individual s life The maladaptive behaviors in early childhood are a particular concern because those are the critical years for interventions Hartley 2008 Autistic individuals often exhibit serve behaviors such as self inflicted harm or harm to others which can be reduced with interventions in some but not all cases

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