Essay Example on The word colon corresponds to two terms colon and Rectum

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The word colon corresponds to two terms colon and rectum Both of them belong to the digestive system The colon is the word that is given in the last six or even the bowel legs and the rectum is the term of the last few inches of the colon just before the body leaves through rectum Is the third most obvious cancer in the USA It hasn't been found a cure yet It is the third most deadly disease New circumstances of colon cancer are analyzed each year and approximately 50 000 Americans die each year from this disease While these predictions are worrying it is important to understand that if it traps pretty early colon cancer can rarely be cured The large intestine consists of four parts The first section is the colon extends upward on the right side of the abdomen The second section is the transverse colon as it passes from the body to the left side The third part the lower colon which continues down to the left side The fourth section is the sigmoid colon due to the S The sigmoidal colon joins the anus or the opening where the rejection material passes through the body The cancer can develop in any of the fourth parts of the colon or rectum The symptoms of rectal cancer depend of the location of the tumor the right colon or the left colon Cancer of the largest and most flexible right colon often bleeds causing anemia but usually does not block the colon because the stool is still fluid on the right side of the colon Cancer in the left colon can block the intestine causing changes in bowel habits and stool size There may be dark red bleeding from the rectum or blood in the stool which may be long and narrow Other symptoms include abdominal or pelvic pain gas vomiting persistent constipation or diarrhea weight loss and weakness 



Pain is a worrying problem with rectal cancer often means that the tumor develops in the nerves The cancer is apparent mainly in older people over 50 years of age However it isn't excluded that it may occur at any age If someone has a family history of cancer then there is a greater risk of illness 5 of people with squamous cell cancer are inherited Cancer is commonly observed in polyps that make their appearance from the age of 20 causing people to be disturbed by the age of 40 The risk of this disease becomes greater when there is some inflammation in the large intestine for years Also the risk of cancer in the intestine can cause it to be a high fat diet mainly from animal sources For colon cancer there are some stages that show us how it develops in the human body Stage 0 The cancer has not begun to grow beyond the inner space of the large intestine Stage I The cancer develops in various parts of the large intestine but has not appeared outside the anal wall Stage II Τ he cancer has already spread to the wall of the large intestine in a nearby tissue He has not touched the lymph nodes yet Stage III Τ he cancer spreads to the lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body Stage IV The cancer spreads to distant organs of the body such as liver or ovary According to the article in 2017 95 526 new diagnoses were expected in the United States The diagnosis for colorectal cancer can be done in a variety of ways Many people are slow to understand this illness Feeding fecal blood can be made by people over 50 years of age Of course if someone suspects that there is a cancer of the large intestine there are more detailed ways of controlling One way is colonoscopy Through colonoscopy doctors can examine the entire intestine and collect the tissue Another way is the endoscopy where doctors use a micro tube to take a tissue sample and examine it under the microscope Colon cancer can be initially treated with surgery To operate a person who has infected this tumor and the lymph nodes are removed 



The surgeon tries to reconnect the healthy parts of the gut It then creates an opening on the part of the vent to remove solid waste from the colon Especially trained doctors try to help patients adapt to colostomy The recommended treatment for early cancer of the large intestine is surgical removal For most people who are at first stages Stage I and Stage II only surgery is the treatment However when the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes stage III the risk of reappearance is high This is because cancer cells may have escaped before surgery and are too small to detect that hour with blood tests Cancer doctors recommend more chemotherapy treatments to reduce the risk of cancer return Drugs used during chemotherapy enter the bloodstream and hit any cells of the large intestine that invade the blood This chemotherapy called adjuvant reduces the risk of cancer and is recommended for all patients with intestinal cancer stage III who are healthy to infect the patient and patients with a higher risk in the early stages of stage II are overweight that they prevented the gut wall before the surgical procedure Chemotherapy is done in different ways to fight the disease Therapies include chemotherapeutic drugs administered by the mouth or into the veins These treatments usually last for six months and it is important for the person to visit an oncologist to get information about side effects or everything else needs to know

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