Essay Example on Treatment diseases in our time are in evolution and Distinction

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The sources of Treatment diseases in our time are in evolution and distinction By these sources it is not difficult for scientists to be able to eliminate all diseases Every second they spend for science to discover other methods of treatment This shows that the world is witnessing a great development in the major of nuclear medicine Nuclear medicine is a branch of medicine that uses radioactive material in medical imaging or pathological diagnosis It is used in the treatment of diseases that are difficult to cure by known methods It also has many applications and uses in diagnostic treatments In this report I will talk about the most important applications of modern nuclear medicine and how to use them and what are the risks that can be caused by this type of medical specialties Nuclear Medicine is a kind of modern medical specialties which is concerned with studying the effects and applications of radioactive elements It is used in treatment of diseases that are difficult to cure by known methods Where Nuclear Medicine records radiations emitted from inside objects and bodies substitute for its external radiations such as X Ray

This process called radiology done inside out or endo radiology Radiopharmaceutical or Nuclear radiology is done intravenously or orally Then by gamma cameras the external examinations are captured and formed images ore pictures from the radiation emitted by it There are many similar applications for that process like Bone scan Liver scan renal scan and Lung scan Both Nuclear Medicine and radiation are used in diagnostic treatment to ensure the patient's health and follow up diseases Nowadays most of modern hospitals include radiation or radioactivity in about one third of their procedures Because it is safe and don't require issues Nuclear Medicine is quicker than other methods it can be used as a treatment for certain diseases Also more than 10ooo hospital around the world used Nuclear Medicine and radioactivity and employment of Nuclear Medicine is growing year by year and faster than any occupation It is expected to grow 20 between 2012 and 2022 Myocardial Perfusion Scan is an application for Nuclear medicine which means that a very small amount of radiation elements called Radionuclide are used to scan the heart muscle by evaluates the heart's function and blood flow It is used to track blood pressure and heart function for people with heart diseases

Radionuclides travel through the bloodstream and the heart muscle absorbs them The area absorbed by radionuclides differs from those that aren't absorbed thus diagnosing the diseases and calculating the blood flow In this way treatment or medication that can be administered to the patient is determined Liver scan Thyroid scan and Lung scan are other specialized applications for radiology procedure which are used to examine the Liver Thyroid and Lung to set specific conditions or to identify their functions Liver scan is usually used to follow progress of treatment for some conditions including Spleen scan For thyroid scan it provides a lot of information about the structure and function of the thyroid and its relationship with Hormones Iodine as an example Another type of Nuclear Medicine applications is Lung scan the most common application to find pulmonary embolism and examining the blood flow in the Lung There are two types of Lung scan which usually used to gather The first one is Ventilation scan It shows the area of the Lung that isn t holding enough air

The second one is Perfusion scan It shows the area of Lung isn't getting enough blood All these scans are carried out by the applications of radionuclides these orangs and absorbed by it Bone scan using Nuclear Medicine helps to find cancers which have spread to the Bones and how well treatment is working It is done by tiny amount of a radioactive substance called tracer The areas which are absorbed too much or too little by tracer can be affected with cancer It takes 1 to 4 hours for Bones to absorb the small radioactive which injected to the body through the vein in the arm

After that drinking several glasses of water frequently is very important to remove the uncollected radioactive material by the Bones Next a big scanning camera will be placed in the body and started to scan the Bones During the scan the camera will move slowly around the body 1 hour will be taken to scan the whole body Technetium 99m is a widely used radioactive tracer isotope in Nuclear Medicine T is the most useful element due to its half life is very short and it leads to very fast clearing from the body after an imaging process That makes it the most commonly used medical radioisotope Nuclear medicine is vast and diverse and progress continues It is difficult to predict or predict slavery and the use of drugs and radiological applications to diagnose and treat diseases It is difficult to predict or predict the ways and means by which medicines and radiological applications will be improved to diagnose and treat diseases But in the future nuclear medicine can be useful in understanding the chemical process of brain behavior as well as in the way we understand the process of metabolism and pharmacology using nuclear medicine techniques and radiation energy

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