Essay Example on Reentry is when an offender is finished with their Sentence









Reentry is when an offender is finished with their sentence and are being released back into the community This can be very difficult for most offenders because they will have complications of finding a place to call home they will be unemployed and have a hard time finding a job and they may not have any close relationships with family members Many times the offender will go back to committing crimes which will lead to recidivism Recidivism is the relapse which usually leads to being arrested again and can lead to another sentence In the news article I found they wrote about a story of a homeless person who would commit a petty crime every winter so they would get arrested and have three hot meals and a bed to sleep on This is an example of recidivism and reentry because when this person is released and reentering the community they are unable to find a home and end up committing crimes and ending back in jail prison There are many programs to help reduce recidivism and reentry that inmates can attend The same article talked about how many members of the community that the offender is being released into are upset because they feel the offender takes away their jobs The community just wanted the offender to go back to prison where they belong but really having them in prison is more expensive 

Anger management drug treatment education and vocational training and sex offender relapse prevention are some examples of the clubs that the inmates can join Once released probation and parole help a lot when reducing recidivism These programs only reduces it by ten to fifteen percent and at most twenty percent Inmates and the community have to remember that there are only ways to reduce recidivism not eliminate it Grants are provided to state local and tribal authorities to reentry programs Some of the programs they are used for are demonstration mentoring offender reentry substance abuse programming family treatment planning federal reentry initiatives reentry research and national adult and juvenile offender resources center Prosocial support is necessary for those individuals who have been incarcerated as they attempt to reenter society without personal resources such as job skills education consistent employment records This program is taught over thirty five sessions During those sessions the offender learns about problem solving social negotiation emotional management creative thinking and critical reasoning skills There is also an Inner Change program that is a faith based program that runs from the last 18 months of incarceration and 12 months after release There was a study done over this program There were 13 484 offenders compromised with 366 of them in the actual program and 13 188 in a control group

They monitored recidivism from 2003 2009 but each offender had a follow up a year after their release The study results showed recidivism reduced by 26 for rearrests 35 reconvictions and 40 for new offense incarceration It showed that the continued relationship with a mentor helped reduce recidivism Both articles said that close relationships help reduce recidivism for most offenders Creating lasting family connections is a program that offenders can attend and get involved with It is twenty two hour classes that they can attend once or twice a week A study showed that there was a 29 increase in their overall relationship skills Having a relationship with support groups and mentors greatly reduced recidivism Spouses had the highest success in reducing recidivism but any other family member had the lowest success reducing recidivism Being crime free is like not committing any crimes after seven years since being in prison After that point they are able to seal or expunge their initial crime There are 700 000 inmates released each year Every ten inmates released seven of them will get arrested again To try and increase the chances of reentry success there was a bill created called the Second Chance Act This act will help a lot because some of the barriers they have to overcome are mental health illness limited work experience lower education substance abuse lack of transportation homelessness poverty less family ties and less close relationships

There are three stages for reentry Stage one is about institutional reentry the admission process and preliminary planning for post release success Stage two is structured reentry which is coordinating with community resources and development of a solidified reentry plan Stage three is about community reintegration which is the reentry plan and continues until community based supervision is successfully completed Both articles wanted to show all the programs used to try and reduce recidivism They wanted to show that offenders are able to change if they work hard and get involved with programs to gain relationships After many different studies taken over all the different programs the results showed that there is a need for reentry and recidivism prevention intervention that begins before the inmate is released from prison Works Cited Heroux P 2011 October 17 Reducing Recidivism Retrieved January 23 2018 from http www huffingtonpost com paul heroux reducing recidivism the c_b_9292510 html McDaniel K 2014 Recidivism Prevention Through Prosocial Support Retrieved January 25 2018 from http www bing com cr IG 8326AC14D17F46D8AB56DE1AA8D28903 CID 22E651E00E2761131C195A620F88604E rd 1 h 4W 1jUw YNRQ5bgtcDS1QKhJZ5pI_Wo5Zy_5gGeav6M v 1 r http 3a 2f 2fstars library ucf edu 2fcgi 2fviewcontent cgi 3farticle 3d2597 26context 3dhonorstheses1990 2015 p DevEx 5045 1

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